What’s a stomach ulcer?
Stomach ulcers arealso known by the name gastric ulcers. They arepainful sores that form inthe stomach lining. Stomach ulcers areatype of peptic ulcer disease. Any ulcers that affect the stomach orsmall intestines can be called peptic ulcers.
The thin mucus layer that protects your stomach from digestive juices can cause stomach ulcers. This allows the digestive acids to attack your stomach tissues and can lead to an ulcer.
Stomach ulcers are easy to treat, but can quickly turn into serious problems if they are not treated properly.
What causes stomach ulcers?
These are the most common causes of stomach ulcers.
- Aninfection with Helicobacter pylori, also known as H. pylori
- Long-term nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs) such as naproxen, ibuprofen or aspirin.
condition called Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome can lead to stomachorintestinal ulcers. It increases the body’s acid production.
Stomach ulcers can cause a variety of symptoms. The severity of the ulcer will determine the severity of your symptoms.
Most common symptoms include a burning sensation in your abdomen, between your belly button and your chest. The pain can last from a few minutes up to several hours and is more severe if your stomach is full.
These signs and symptoms may also be present:
If you feel that you may have a stomach ulcer, talk to your doctor. Although mild discomfort can be caused by ulcers, they can become more severe if not treated. Bleeding ulcers could be life-threatening.
Your symptoms and severity ofthe ulcer will determine how you are diagnosed and treated. Your doctor will examine your medical history, including your symptoms and any prescriptions or over-the counter medications you are taking to diagnose a stomach ulcer.
H.Ablood, stool orbreath test can be ordered to rule out H.A breath test will require you to drink clear liquid and then inhale into a sealed bag. H. If H. pylori is present in the breath sample, it will have higher levels of carbon dioxide than normal.
You can also use other procedures and tests to diagnose stomach ulcers.
- Barium swallow: Barium is athick white liquid that covers the upper gastrointestinal tract. This allows your doctor see the small and large intestines via X-rays.
- Endoscopy (EGD):- The tube is thin and lighted and is passed through the mouth to the stomach and first part of your small intestine.
- Endoscopic biopsy:- To analyze it in a laboratory, a piece of stomach tissue must be removed.
The cause of your ulcer will determine the treatment you need. Most ulcers can usually be treated with a prescription from a doctor. In rare cases, however, surgery may be necessary.
It is important to immediately treat any ulcer. Talk to your doctor about a treatment plan. Youwill likely need to be admitted for intensive care if you have an active bleeding ulcer. This may include IV ulcer medication and endoscopy. You may also require a blood transfusion.
If H. You will need antibiotics and drugs known as proton pump inhibitors. PPIs prevent stomach cells from producing acid.
Your doctor may recommend the following treatments:
- H2receptor blockers
- Stop using all NSAIDs
- follow-up endoscopy
- probiotics (useful bacteria) that could play a role in the killing of H. pylori
- bismuth supplement
The symptoms of an ulcer can be relieved quickly by undergoing treatment.
Side effects of medication use to treat stomach ulcers-
Surgery may be required in rare cases. For ulcers that are:
- Continue to return
- Do not try to heal
- You can tear into your stomach
- Keep food from escaping the stomach and into the small intestine
One possible outcome of surgery is:
- Removal of the whole ulcer
- Removing tissue from another part your intestines, and then patching it on the ulcer site
- Tie off a bleeding vein
- To reduce stomach acid production, cut off the stomach’s nerve supply
It was believed that diet could cause ulcers in the past. This is not true, as we now know. It is also true that, while a diet doesn’t cure or cause stomach ulcers,
It’s generally a good idea for people toeat lots of fruits and vegetables.
It is possible, however, that H. can be eliminated by certain foods. pylori. H. can be prevented by eating foods that contain pylori.
- Broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and radishes
- Leafy greens like spinach and kale
- Probiotic-rich foods include sauerkraut, miso and kombucha.
- Blueberries, raspberries and strawberries are all good choices.
- Olive oil
It is also a good idea not to eat spicy or sour foods while a stomach ulcer heals.
In addition to healthy eating habits, may reduce H. H. pylori, which is the bacteria that causes many stomach ulcers. These supplements should not be used in place of prescription medication. These include:
Your doctor might also suggest things you can do at your home to ease the discomfort of your ulcer. Consider talking to your doctor about these natural and home remedies for ulcers.
Call your doctor if you suspect you may have a stomach ulcer. Talk to your doctor about your symptoms and possible treatment options. If you don’t already have a physician, you can use the Healthline FindCare tool to find a provider near you.
Because stomach ulcers can lead to H. pylori can cause:
- Bleeding:- The ulcer site can be life-threatening
- Perception:-This is when the ulcer passes through the intestinal wall and into another organ such as the pancreas.
- Perforation:- This is when an ulcer forms a hole in your digestive tract’s wall.
- Obstructions:- Blockage in the digestive tract is caused by swelling of inflamed tissue
- stomach cancer:- ParticularlyNon-cardia gastric carcinoma
These complications may include the symptoms listed below. These symptoms can be serious so make sure you call your doctor immediately.
- Trouble breathing
- Red or black stool or vomit
- A sudden, sharp pain in the abdomen that won’t go away
Wash your hands frequently with soap and water to prevent bacteria from spreading. Make sure you properly clean and cook all food.
If possible, discontinue using NSAIDs or limit their use to prevent ulcers. You should follow the prescribed dosage and avoid alcohol if you take NSAIDs. These medications should always be taken with adequate liquids and food.
What are duodenal and gastric ulcers?
the upper part the small intestine, known as a duodenal ulcer.
One can have both types of ulcers. Both types are known as gastroduodenal.
How do symptoms differ?
You can determine if you have a duodenal or gastric ulcer by identifying the exact location and time of your symptoms. An ulcer can be aggravated by eating too often. Others may feel the pain when they eat.
However, the exact location of the pain may not always correspond with the ulcer’s location. Sometimes, the pain may be referred. Sometimes the pain is referred to a different location.
You may also experience the following symptoms:
Most ulcer symptoms can be attributed to bleeding, according to gastroenterologists.
Severe symptoms can include:
If you experience stomach pain or any of these symptoms, it is important to seek emergency medical attention immediately.
Helicobacter pylori bacteria (H. pylori)
H. H. This bacteria causes damage to the lining by affecting the mucus.
The H. pylori infection affects an estimated 30-40 percent of Americans. pylori.
It’s unclear exactly how this bacterium spreads, but researchers believe it’s mostly through unclean food, water, and eating utensils. H. People with H. pylori can spread it by direct contact with saliva.
This bacterial infection can be contracted by many people as a child. However, it is rare to progress into a peptic ulcer. Most people don’t notice symptoms until they are older, if ever.
People who use or rely on nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen, are more likely to develop peptic ulcers. In fact, after H. pylori, NSAIDs are the second most common cause of peptic ulcers.
NSAIDs can cause irritation and damage to your stomach and intestinal lining. Acetaminophen (Tylenol), is not an NSAID. It’s recommended for those who have ulcers or other digestive problems and can’t take NSAIDs.
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, a rare condition that can lead to both cancerous or non-cancerous tumors, is a rare one. These tumors produce hormones that cause stomach acid to rise extremely high, which can cause gastric or duodenal ulcers.
These tumors are most common in the pancreas or duodenum. However, they can also occur elsewhere in the body.
Doctors often recommend NSAIDs to treat joint inflammation or arthritis. However, NSAIDs can also increase the risk of developing peptic ulcers.
You may also be at increased risk of bleeding, gastric, or duodenal ulcers by taking the following medications:
- Treatments for osteoporosis such as fosamax (Fosamax), and risedronate(Actonel).
- Anticoagulants such as warfarin (Coumadin), or clopidogrel(Plavix), can be used to treat blood clotting disorders.
- selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
- certain chemotherapy medications
You may also be at higher risk of developing duodenal and gastric ulcers if you have the following risk factors:
- Being 70 years of age or older
- drinking alcohol
- A history of peptic ulcers
- Severe injury or severe trauma
It is a myth that spicy foods can cause ulcers. Certain foods can cause stomach irritation in some people.
Your medical history and symptoms will be discussed with your doctor. Your doctor will ask you about your medical history and symptoms.
Pain in the abdomen can be caused by gastric or duodenal ulcers. Because abdominal pain can be caused by many things, a variety of tests may be required.
Your doctor may suspect that H. The following tests can confirm that H.
- A blood test:-You could have an infection-fighting cell in your body.H. pyloriInfection
- A stoolantigen test:- A stool sample is taken from the patient and sent to a laboratory for testing. This test checks for specific proteins in stool.H. pylori.
- A urea breath test:- To test your urea levels, you must swallow a special urea-containing pill. After swallowing the pill you are asked to inhale into a bag and your carbon dioxide levels will be measured. WhenH. pyloriIf urea is present in the pill, it is broken down into a specific type of carbon dioxide that is detectable.
An EGD test involves passing a lighted flexible instrument with a camera on its end, known as a scope, through your mouth and down into the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine.
Your doctor can examine the area for any abnormalities or look for signs of ulcers. They may also take a biopsy (tissue sample). You may be able to have certain conditions treated by them.
Upper gastrointestinal Series
A barium swallow, or upper GI series, may be ordered by your doctor. This involves drinking a solution containing a small amount liquid that is easily visible on an Xray.
Your doctor will then take several X-rays to see how the solution moves through your digestive system. This will allow them to check for conditions that affect the stomach, small intestine, and esophagus.
Gastric and duodenal gastric ulcers can be treated depending on the cause and severity of your symptoms. Your doctor might prescribe H2 blockers (H2 blockers), or proton pump inhibitors, to lower acid levels and protect the stomach lining.
H. Your doctor will prescribe PPIs and antibiotics to combat pylori infection. These medications also include mucosal protective agent, which protects your stomach’s mucus membrane.
You’ll be informed how to reduce or stop using NSAIDs if you have peptic ulcer.
Your doctor may use special tools to stop bleeding if the ulcer is active.
Your doctor may recommend surgery if medication and endoscopic therapy fail to work. The ulcer may become so severe that it is threatening the stomach wall or duodenum walls, and requires surgery.
While you may not be capable of completely eliminating your risk of developing ulcers, there are some things you can do that will lower your risk and help prevent them from happening.
- If you are taking NSAIDs frequently, reduce your intake or switch to a different medication.
- Take NSAIDs with food or medication that protect your stomach lining.
- Avoid smoking as it can slow down healing and increase your chance of developing cancers in the digestive tract.
- If you have been diagnosed with H. Take all the prescribed antibiotics if you have H. You can spread the bacteria by not taking the whole course.
- Increase your physical activity. Regular exercise can activate the immune systemTrusted Source and help lower inflammation throughout cells.