What is CCTV in its fullest form?

Closed Circuit Television

Closed Circuit Television(CCTV) Also known as video surveillance. It’s a system that connects all elements, such as video camera, display monitors and recording devices. It is used for recording purposes.Monitor sensitive areas. [ An area that requires constant observation but where no one is available to watch it all the time]. It helps to prevent crime by monitoring all activities and recording them. It can also be used to monitor traffic by noting accidents and detecting congestion.

CCTV uses wireless or wired transmission to transmit the signals to the recording device or monitor. It can transmit audio, video or both. Advanced CCTV cameras can also record images in low light conditions using night vision capabilities. Security purposes only, the CCTV signals are not distributed to the public.

Because of its utility, CCTV has become an integral part of everyday life. CCTV can be found everywhere today. It is used for security purposes, including in shopping malls, hospitals, banks, and traffic lights.

We can monitor any area and reduce the risk of crime with CCTV.

Basic components of CCTV

  • Security Cameras (Digital or Analog)
  • Cables (RJ45 and RJ59 Cables).
  • Video Recorders (DVR, NVR)
  • Storage unit (usually a Hard Disk).
  • Optional Display Unit, often a monitor
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Generally, CCTV is installed in places where it is not necessary.

  • Banks
  • Multiplexes and shops
  • Casinos
  • Highways and City Roads
  • Apartments for Buildings and Residents
  • Corporate Houses
  • Buildings and offices of the government
  • Airports and Railway Stations
  • Industrial plants etc.

In Germany, Test Stand VII installed the first CCTV . Siemens installed it. Walter Bruch, a German engineer, is responsible for the technological design and installation.

Benefits of CCTV

  • The best way to deter thieves is with CCTV systems. CCTV systems are a great deterrent to thieves.
  • This increases the risk for shoplifters.
  • The police can use CCTV footage to help them investigate crimes.
  • CCTV cameras reduces the fear of crimes.
  • It allows remote monitoring.
  • It increases efficiency and profitability of your business.
  • This is the great choice for home security.

Closed Circuit Television is what CCTV is known for

A CCTV camera records video and shows it on a restricted display device. Publicly the signal also not broadcast.

CCTV: History

In 1942, Walter Bruch, a German engineer, launched CCTV to observe the V2 rocket launch from his private home.

When CCTV was first created, it could only record black and white video. But today, the field of CCTV is much more advanced.

High-tech CCTV cameras can zoom in on video and identify people or vehicles.

CCTV has even a Face Recognition feature, which can identify and notify authorities about a person without human intervention.

High-definition cameras mounted on traffic signals have high-definition resolution and can monitor drivers and vehicles. The camera will transmit speed violation information to a proof system.

Closed Circuit Television (CCTV), components

  • Digital and analog video recording cameras
  • RJ Connecting Cables
  • Recording device
  • Recording Disk
  • Display device
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Applications of CCTV

  • Multiplex and shop
  • Bank
  • The casino
  • Apartments for Buildings and Residents
  • Corporate offices
  • Government Office and Vital Building
  • Airport
  • Station railway
  • Industrial plant
  • The highway
  • Road to the city
  • College and school
  • Park

What is the video recording technology available in CCTV?

There are two main types of video recording methods available.

  1. DVR– Digital Video Recorder
  2. NVR-Network Video Recorder

Benefits of CCTV

Here are some major advantages of CCTV.

  • CCTV significantly reduces the chance of theft or robbery at any home.
  • Today, CCTV allows us to monitor our office and any other location from home. This makes office workers more productive.
  • CCTV is a vital video camera that captures important footage of crime scenes. This helps the police and investigating agencies get a lot of information.
  • The security of children is ensured by a CCTV camera installed in schools and colleges. This makes sure that children are protected on campus.
    Many schools and colleges today share CCTV live monitoring with students’ parents, so parents can monitor their child at school or college.
  • Nowadays new night vision CCTV cameras can record clear videos even at night.

There are some drawbacks to CCTV cameras

  • CCTV cameras have the biggest drawback that people often install them without informing others. This can make it difficult for privacy to be maintained.
  • The camera can become spoiled by rain and dust, which means that it is expensive to maintain.

Different types of CCTV cameras

Two types of CCTV cameras are available at the moment.

  1. Analog CCTV cameras
  2. IP CCTV cameras

Best CCTV camera in India

There are many types of CCTV cameras in India. Some of them are well-known.

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