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|Definition||:||Uninterruptible Power Supply|
|Category||:||Computing » Hardware|
Uninterruptible Power Supply UPS Uninterruptible power source (UPS) is an electrical device that supplies emergency power to loads when the input power source goes down or falls to an unacceptable level. UPS, It consists of three components: a battery, charger and an inverter. UPS’s primary function is to provide power for short periods during power outages. It can also quickly react to power surges or fluctuations. There are three main types of UPS: off-line (standby), on-line (no-break), or line-interactive.
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You shouldn’t allow an unexpected voltage spike to stop you from making progress on your design. With an uninterruptible power supply (UPS), you can save your project from disaster. We will explain why and how to use UPS, and then we’ll break down which type is best for you.
UPS’s primary function is to provide emergency power to a load (usually via a lead/acid batteries) when the input power source fails. These UPS are not like emergency power systems or standby generators. They provide instantaneous protection against power interruptions by using a battery (which could be a supercapacitor, flywheel, or other type of battery).
Although the battery’s runtime is usually short (between 5-20 minutes and 20 minutes), it should be sufficient to save any data/progress, shut down everything gracefully, or resolve the problem that caused the outage.
An UPS is used to protect data centers, computers and other electrical equipment from unexpected surges or sags that can lead to serious problems such as data loss and business disruption.
There are three types uninterruptible power supplies available: dynamic (rotary), static, and hybrid. The power electronics converters used to be static, while the motors and generators used to be dynamic. Hybrid uses are a mixture of dynamic and static. Let’s look at the topologies that are most commonly used in electronics.
The most basic of all three UPSs is the offline/standby. This UPS provides battery backup and light surge protection. It draws its power from the main power source, which is usually an AC outlet. It switches to the “offline/standby” battery when it senses that its main power source is not working within acceptable limits. Then it switches to the DC/AC Inverter. There will be a slight transfer time between the main source and the battery.
What is usually found in an uninterruptible standby/offline power supply?
Standby/offline UPS can be switched to run either on the main power supply or the battery. As the main power source goes to an AC/DC rectifier, which charges the battery, the bulk of the bulk is located in the battery component. It then goes into a DC/AC converter to supply the load.
Figure 1.Standing UPS Offline (green indicates the flow of the process).
The online/double conversion UPS is different from the offline/standby because the DC/AC converter is always on. This ensures that there is no transfer time between main power source (battery) and battery. This provides greater protection against electrical noise and spikes.
What is usually found in an uninterruptible online/double-conversion power supply?
Double conversion UPS’s main power source is the AC/DC rectifier. However, it cannot be used during normal operation so it must pass through a DC/AC converter every time. This is why the term “double conversion” was coined.
Online/Double Conversion UPS Green (represents the flow of process)
.3. 3.The line-interactive UPS is similar to the offline/standby but has the properties of an online/double converter. The line-interactive design is capable of handling small under-voltages or over-voltages (about 20% below its standard voltage) using a multitap variable voltage autotransformer/buck-boost convertor. The battery is charged even when the voltage is low and it isn’t being used.What is usually found in an uninterruptible line power supply?Although the design is identical to offline/standby it has either an autotransformer (or a buck-boost convertor) on its main line.
This can either increase the voltage to compensate for low voltages or decrease it to compensate for high voltages.Figure 3Line-interactive UPS (green signifies the flow of progression).Comparison of Uninterruptible Power SupplyA simple table was created that breaks down each type of uninterruptible electricity supply.The bottom line:The most basic UPS, the offline/standby UPS, is suitable for applications such as home computers or scanners.Online UPS is the most reliable and provides the best protection. This makes them great for motor applications or situations when you don’t have the time to transfer.
Data centers and intensive care units are the best uses.Line-interactive UPS is suitable for light surges and sag, as well as having lower electric consumption. The line-interactive UPS is a reliable, cost-effective, and efficient option.
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