Types of Clauses in English Grammar

What’s a clause?

A clause can be a component of a sentence.

A clause refers to a set of words with subject and predicate. Each sentence is composed of at least one clause. Here are some examples of clauses.

John purchased a brand new vehicle. (One sentence) One clause(*()John purchased a brand new car but is still using his older car. (One sentence.
There are two options(*()There are many types of clausesEvery clause contains at least one subject.

This is a. There are some features that distinguish different types of clauses from one another. These types of clauses can be:

IndependentClauses (Main Clause)verbDependent Clauses (Subordinate Clause)

  1. Relative Clauses (Adjective Clause)
  2. Clauses
  3. There are many types of clauses
  4. NounIndependent Clauses (Main Clause)
Types of Clauses and their examples
A complete sentence is an independent or main clause. A main clause contains a subject, verb, and expresses an entire thought within context and meaning. It conveys an entire thought.

Independent clause structure: 


Verb = Total ThoughtExample: She walks. Although this sentence only contains two words, it’s still complete as it includes subject and predicate.A coordinating clause can join main clauses.

To form complicated or complex sentences



Please see the following: nor Or
Yet Here’s an example: The new vehicle was purchased by him.

HoweverHe still uses an old one. “but” is used to combine two independent clauses.Dependent Clauses (Subordinate Clause)A dependent clause, also known as a subordinate clause, is a part of a sentence. It contains the subject and verb but doesn’t convey all the meaning. Although they make sense by themselves, the dependent clauses are dependent on the remainder of the sentence to provide context and meaning. To create a complicated sentence, a dependent clause can be joined with an independent clause. It usually begins with a subordinating

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Subordinating ConjunctionsconjunctionAfter


As because Before even if
Even though If Once Provided that
Instead of This is how it should be done Since However
More than This Jusqu’ If not
Everywhere Where  Whichas where
Which? While Dependent clause structure:

Subordinate Conjunction + Subject + Verb = Incomplete Thought.Example: I purchase chips whenever I visit the superstore.
Relative Clauses (Adjective Clause)

A relative clause starts with the relative pronoun at the start of the clause like who, which, whose etcIt is possible to do this by clicking here. To make a distinction between an antecedent that is a human “


and an antecedent which is a non-human “which”. The rest of the article will explain it.Who is it? This is when the antecedent of the person is used.

It is that This can refer to either an individual or something.
Which This is used for anything that does not refer to a human being.
(It is noteworthy that whom is not used much in spoken English.)Exemples of relative clauses

My friends met me yesterday. My friend with curly hair was extremely intelligent.

It was my race that ended in defeat.

  • Non-Restrictive and Restrictive Relative clauses
  • Some refer to restrictive relative clauses as defining or identifying relative phrases. The non-restrictive clauses can also be called non-defining, or non-identifying relatives clauses. It is preceded either by a speech pause or written comma.

Restrictive Clause Example:

Programmers who create web applications can make large profits.

Non-Restrictive Clause Example:

The programmer, who develops web applications, will make a large profit.





who, that
Which Object who, whom, that
Which After who
Whichpreposition Be able to possess whose, of whom
whose, of which Non- RETRICTIVE

 which, that

Which Which, that who, whom
Which which who
Which whose, of which whose, of whom
whose, of which Noun clauses Noun clauses
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You can think of it as a dependent clause.

It is possible to. Noun clauses may be used as subject, indirect or direct objects and predicate nominatives. These are some examples:Tell me who left his book on the table. nounDirect object

  • I shall tell whoever will listen to my interesting story. (indirect objects)
  • Whoever is the last one to leave turns off the lights. (subject)
  • The boy with the curled hair is who I want on my team. (predicate nominative)
  • Noun clauses are often started with Other words. This word is usually used in a sentence to perform a specific grammatical function.

Use relative pronounspronouns that, what, who, which, whom, whose

    1. Pronouns of relative indefiniteness: whoever, whomever, whatever, whichever, whether, if
    2. Interrogative You can find this link:
  •  whatadjectiveInterrogative You can find this link:
  •  howadverbInterrogative pronoun: who
  • Subordinating conjunctions: whenever,How, when, if, where, whether, why

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