tense chart : Rules, Examples & Formula | Types of Tenses

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This guide includes a table and a complete explanation of the English tense chart. If you are a beginner in tenses. You’re looking for a place where you can learn all the Tenses. Below is a basic tense diagram with examples and rules.

This helps you to quickly remember the formulas and rules. This chart can be saved offline so you can study in your spare time.

read more>> Tense Chart: Basic Rules Examples & Formula

Definition of Tenses

Tense is used for indicating the time that a verb’s action takes place. Tense in all languages is divided into three types: –

1. Present Tense
2. Past Tense
3. Future Tense

PRESENT TENSEPAST TENSEFUTURE TENSE
(1) Present Indefinite Tense(1) Past Indefinite Tense(1)Future Indefinite Tense
(2) Present Continues Tense(2) Past Continues Tense(2) Future Continues Tense
(3) Present Perfect Tense(3) Past Perfect Continues Tense(3) Future Continues Tense
(4) Present Perfect Continues Tense(4) Past Perfect Continues Tense(4) Future Perfect Continues Tense

Each of these tenses can be further subdivided into four classes.

Present Tense

  1. Present Simple Tense
  2. Present Continuous Tense
  3. Present Prefect Tense
  4. Present Prefect Continuous Tense

Past Tense

  1. Past Simple Tense
  2. Past Continuous Tense
  3. Past Perfect Tense
  4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Future Tense

  1. Future Indefinite Tense
  2. Future Continuous Tense
  3. Future Perfect Tense
  4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

16 form of Tenses with Examples and Rules

TENSESRULESEXAMPLES
(1) Present Simple Tense (Affirmative)sub+v1 (+e/es).She eats.
(2) Present Simple Tense (Negative)sub+do/does+ v1.She does not eat.
(3) Present Simple Tense (Interrogative)Do/Does+ sub+v1+?Does she eat?
(4) Present Simple Tense (Interrogative word)Wh_questions +do/does +sub+v1+?When does she eat ?
(5) Present Continues Tense (Affirmative)sub+is/am/are+ V1(+ing).I am going.
(6) Present Continues Tense (Negative)sub+is/am/are +not+v1 (+ing).I am not going.
(7) Present Continues Tense (Interrogative)Is/am/are+sub+ v1 (+ing)+?Am I going ?
(8) Present Continues Tense (Interrogative words)Wh_Questions +is/am/are +sub+v1 (+ing) + ?Where am I going ?
(9) Present Perfect Tense (Affirmative)sub+has/have +v3.You have slept.
(10) Present Perfect Tense (Negative)sub+have/has +not+v3.You have not slept.
(11) Present Perfect Tense (Interrogative)Has/have +sub+v3 +?Have You slept?
(12) Present Perfect Tense (Interrogative word)Wh_Questions +have/has +sub+v3+?When have you slept ?
(13) Present Perfect Continues Tense (Affirmative)sub+has/have +been +v1(+ing) +since/for +time.We have been coming for 2 days.
(14) Present Perfect continues Tense (Negative)sub+has/have +not+been +v1(+ing) +since/for +time.We have not been coming for 2 days.
(15) Present Perfect Continues (Interrogative)Has/have +sub+been +v1 (+ing) +since/for +time +?Have we been coming for 2 days?
(16) Present Perfect Continues Tense (Interrogative Words)Wh_questions+ has/have +been+v1 (+ing) +since/for +time +?Where have we been coming for 2 days?
(17) Past Simple Tense (Affirmative)sub +v2.He Ate.
(18) Past Simple Tense (Negative)sub+did +not+v1.He did not eat.
(19) Past Simple Tense (Interrogative)Did +sub+ v1 +?Did he eat?
(20) Past Simple Tense (Interrogative words)Wh_questions +did +sub+v1 +?When did he eat?
(21) Past Continues Tense (Affirmative)sub +was/were +v1(+ing).They were flying.
(22) Past Continues Tense (Negative)sub+was/were +not+ v1(+ing) .They were not flying.
(23) Past Continues Tense (Interrogative)Was/were +sub+ v1(+ing) +?Were they flying?
(24) Past Continues Tense (Interrogative words)Wh_questions +was/were +sub+v1(+ing) +?where were they flying?
(25) Past Perfect Tense (Affirmative)sub+had+v3.You had arisen.
(26) Past Perfect Tense (Negative)sub+had +not+v3.You had not arisen.
(27) Past Perfect Tense (Interrogative)Had+sub +v3 +?Had you arisen?
(28) Past Perfect Tense (Interrogative words)Wh_questions +had+sub +v3+?when had you arisen ?
(29) Past Perfect Continues Tense (Affirmative)sub+had +been+v1 (+ing) +since/for +time.she had been going to office since 09:00 AM.
(30) Past Perfect Continues Tense (Negative)sub+had +not+been +v1(+ing) +since/for +time.She had not been going to office since 09:00 AM.
(31) Past Perfect Continues Tense (Interrogative)Had+sub+ been +v1 (+ing) +since/for +time +?Had she been going to office since 09:00 AM ?
(32) Past Perfect Continues Tense (Interrogative words)Wh_questions +had+sub +been +v1 (+ing) +since/for +time +?where had she been going to the office since 09:00 AM?
(33) Future Simple Tense (Affirmative)sub+shall/will +v1.He will read.
(34) Future Simple Tense (Negative)sub+ will/shall+not +v1.He will not read.
(35) Future Simple Tense (Interrogative)Will/Shall +sub+v1+ ?Will he read?
(36) Future Simple Tense (Interrogative words)Wh_questions+ will/shall +sub+v1 +?What will he read?
(37) Future Continues Tense (Affirmative)sub +will/shall +be+ v1 (+ing) .He will be reading.
(38) Future Continues Tense (Negative)sub+ will/shall +not+be +v1 (+ing).He will not be reading.
(39) Future Continues Tense (Interrogative)Will/Shall +sub+ be +v1 (+ing) +?Will he be reading?
(40) Future Continues Tense (Interrogative words)Wh_questions +will/shall +sub+ v1(+ing) +?Where will he be reading?
(41) Future Perfect Tense (Affirmative)sub +shall/will +have+ v3.I shall have run.
(42) Future Perfect Tense (Negative)sub +will/shall +not+have v3.I shall not have run.
(43) Future Perfect Tense (Interrogative)Will/Shall +sub+have +v3 +?Shall i have run?
(44) Future Perfect Tense (Interrogative words)Wh_questions +will/shall + sub+have+v3 +?Where shall i have run?
(45) Future Perfect Continues Tense (Affirmative)sub+will/shall +have been+v1 (+ing) +since/for +time.We shall have been running since morning.
(46) Future Perfect Continues Tense (Negative)sub +will/shall +not+ have been + v1 (+ing) +since/for +time.We shall not have been running since morning.
(47) Future Perfect Continues Tense (Interrogative)Will/Shall +sub+ have been +v1 (+ing) +since/for +time +?Shall we have been running since morning?
(48) Future Perfect Continues Tense (Interrogative words)Wh_questions +will/shall +have been +v1 (+ing) +since/for +?Why Shall we have been running since morning?

Verbs Tenses can be used in one of three tenses: present, future, or past. The past describes things that have happened before (e.g. yesterday, last week or three years ago). The present tense describes things happening now or that are ongoing. The future tense is used to describe things that are yet to occur (e.g. tomorrow, tomorrow, next week or three years from now).

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