Singular and plural noun list a-z | Definitions, Rules & Examples

SingularPlural
ArmyArmies
AssAsses
BabyBabies
BabyBaby
BambooBamboos
BenchBenches
BirdBirds
BoatBoats
BoneBones
BoxBoxes
BoyBoys
Brother-in-lawBrothers-in-laws
BuffaloBuffaloes
BusBuses
BushBushes
CaddyCaddies
CalfCalves
CarCars
CatCats
ChairChairs
ChiefChiefs
ChildChildren
CityCities
ClassClasses
Class  fellowClass fellows
CliffCliffs
ClutchClutches
CopyCopies
CountryCountries
CowCows
CryCries
CuckooCuckoos
CupCups
Daughter-in-lawDaughters-in-laws
DayDays
DeckDecks
DeerDeers
DogDogs
DonkeyDonkeys
DozenDozens
DutyDuties
EssayEssays
FamilyFamilies
FatherFathers
Father-in-lawFathers-in-laws
FishFishes
FlyFlies
FootFeet
FoxFoxes
GasGasses
GlassGlasses
HairHairs
HalfHalves
HandHands
HeroHeroes
HoofHoofs
HorseHorses
HouseHouses
SingularPlural
InchInches
JarJars
KeyKeys
KnifeKnives
LadyLadies
LassLasses
LeafLeaves
LegLegs
LifeLives
LoafLoaves
LoofLoops
LoveLoves
MaidservantMaidservants
ManMen
MangoMangoes
MonkeyMonkeys
MotherMothers
Mother-in-lawMothers-in-laws
MouseMice
NewsNews
OxOxen
PencilPencils
PennyPennies
PersonPeople
PitchPitches
PoetryPoetries
PotatoPotatoes
ProofProofs
QuizQuizzes
RadioRadios
RayRays
RiverRivers
ScissorScissors
SelfSelves
SheepSheeps
ShopShops
SingularPlural
Singular  noonPlural noun
SisterSisters
Sister-in-lawSisters-in-laws
SkySkies
Son-in-lawSons-in-laws
StepsonStepsons
StoryStories
TableTables
ThiefThieves
ToothTeeth
ToyToys
TrouserTrousers
UncleUncles
WatchWatches
WifeWives
WishWishes
WomanWomen

Rule 1

Many nouns can be made plural by adding an -s at the end of their singular forms.

See also  ISO Full Form – आईएसओ सर्टिफिकेट क्या होता है? (हिन्दी मे पूरी जानकारी)

Examples

  • Car – cars
  • bag – bags
  • Table – Tables
  • House – Houses
  • dog – dogs

Rule 2

Singular nouns that end in ‘s’, ‘x’, ‘z’, ‘ch’, ‘sh’,or ‘ss’, form the plural by adding -es.

Examples

  • Bus – buses
  • bench – benches
  • Box – Box
  • Dish – Dishes
  • marsh – marshes
  • Lunch – Lunches
  • Tax – taxes
  • Watch – Watches

Other:

  • fez – fezzes
  • Gas – Gasses
  • quiz – quizzes
  • Bus – Busses

Rule 3

Some nouns ending in ‘f’ and ‘fe can be made plural by changing their ending to -ves.

Examples

  • half – halves
  • hoof – hooves
  • Calf – calves
  • Elf – Elf
  • Shelf – shelves
  • Leaf – Leaves
  • loaf – loaves
  • wolf – wolves
  • Life – Lives
  • knife – knives
  • Scarves – scarf
  • Wife – Wives

Other:

  • cuff – cuffs
  • Knockoff – knockoffs
  • chef – chefs
  • Belief – beliefs
  • Roof – Roofs
  • Chief – Chiefs

Rule 4

Nouns that end in -o are not allowed.

By adding -s, you can make plural nouns ending in ‘o’ that are preceded by a vowel.

Examples

  • radio – radios
  • Stereo – Stereo
  • Video – Videos

By adding -es, you can make plural nouns that begin with “o”, followed by a consonant.

Examples

  • potato – potatoes
  • tomato – tomatoes
  • hero – heroes
  • echo – echoes
  • Veto – vetoes
  • domino – dominoes

Other:

  • piano – pianos
  • Photo – Photos
  • halo – halos
  • soprano – sopranos

Rule 5

Nouns that end in ‘y?’:

If the consonant is followed by the ‘y,’ change it to ‘i” and add -es

Examples

  • City – Cities
  • candy – candies
  • Country – Countries
  • Families – family
  • Cherry – Cherries
  • lady – ladies
  • Puppy – puppy
  • Party – Parties
See also  ITI Full Form Hindi| Some of the top ITI colleges in India

If the vowel is followed by the ‘y,’ the plural can be formed by keeping the ‘y” and adding the -s:

Examples

  • Day – Days
  • Holiday – holidays
  • Ray – Rays
  • Boy – boy
  • Toys – toys
  • Key – Keys
  • Donkey – donkeys

Rule 6

Modifying the spelling of a singular noun

Examples

  • Person – People
  • Oxen – Oxen
  • Man vs. men
  • Woman – Women
  • Caveman – Cavemen
  • Policeman – policemen
  • Child – child
  • tooth – teeth
  • Foot – Feet
  • goose – geese
  • Mouse – mouse
  • Mouse – Lice

Rule 7

Some nouns have the same singular or plural form as others:

Examples

  • aircraft – aircraft
  • barracks – Barracks
  • deer – deer
  • gallows – gallows
  • Moose – Moose
  • Salmon – salmon
  • Hovercraft – hovercraft
  • Spacecraft – Spacecraft
  • Series – series
  • species – species
  • means – means
  • Offspring – Offspring
  • deer – deer
  • fish – fish
  • Sheep – sheep

Rule 8

Some nouns have Latin/Greek/French origins

Examples

Latin Origin Nouns:

  • alumnus – alumni/alumnuses
  • apex = apices/apeces
  • appendix – appendices/ appendixes

French Nouns:

Examples

  • chateau – chateaux/chateaus
  • bureau – bureaux/ bureaus
  • tableau – tableaux/tableaus

Nouns of Greek Origin

Examples

  • Diagnoses – diagnosis
  • ellipsis – ellipses
  • Hypotheses – hypothesis
  • Oasis – Oasis

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