sent Perfect Continuous Tense (Formula, Usage, Exercise)

Present perfect continuous

An example of the present perfect continuous is:Unspecified TimeBetween ‘before now and ‘now. The speaker is considering something that began but maybe did not end in the given time. The speaker is interested in theBoth the process and the end result are equally importantThis process could still be ongoing or just completed.

Actions that began in the past, continue in the future

SheHas been waitingfor you all day (= she’s still waiting right now).I’ve been workingThis report has been in my hands since 8 o’clock in the morning (= I haven’t completed it yet).
They’ve been traveling.Since last October (= they aren’t home yet).

We are interested in the outcomes of actions that have just ended

She is a skilled cook.Since last night (= The food on the plate looks amazing).
It has been raining(= The streets are still wet).
Someone has been eatingMy chips (= half of them) have disappeared

The present perfect continuous is formed

The present perfect continuous is composed of two elements: The present perfect of the verb “to be” (have/has), and the present participle (base+ing).

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Subject+has/have been+base+ing
Shehas beenswimming

Affirmative: She has been / She’s been running.
Negative: She hasn’t been running.
Interrogative : Has she been running?
Interrogative negative: Hasn’t she been running?

Example: present perfect continuous, TO LIVE
AffirmativeNegativeInterrogative
have been livingI haven’t been livingHave I been living?
You have been livingYou haven’t been livingHave you been living?
He, she, it has been livingHe hasn’t been livingHas she been living?
We have been livingWe haven’t been livingHave we been living?
You have been livingYou haven’t been livingHave you been living?
They have been livingThey haven’t been livingHave they been living?

Verbs without continuous forms

With verbs not normally used in the continuous form, use the simple present perfect instead (verbs such as: know, hate, hear, understand, want).
I’ve wanted to visit China for years.
She’s known Robert since she was a child.
I’ve hated that music since I first heard it.
I’ve heard a lot about you recently.
We’ve understood everything.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense(present perfect progressive mood tense) can be used to indicate the action or task that began in the past and continues into the present.

Signal Words

Structure / Formula

Subject + has/have + been + Base form(+ing)

Ihavebeentravelling.
SubjectAuxiliary verb
(present tense)
Auxiliary verb
(past participle)
Base form of
verb+ing

Positive Sentences

To make the positive sentences, we use this structure,

Subject + has/have + been + V1(+ing) + …

Examples of positive sentences

Negative Sentences

To make the sentence negative, we add ‘not’ after auxiliary verb (present tense).

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Subject + has/have + not + been + V1(+ing) + …

Examples of negative sentences.

Question Sentences

Auxiliary verb (present tense) come at the start of the sentence and question mark at the end.

Has/have + subject + been + V1(+ing) + … +?

Examples of question sentences.

Usage

UsageExample
Emphasis on duration of action.have been learning French since I went to school.
To express anger and irritationWhy have you been disturbing me?
Time bound expressions (since, for, lately, how long)1. He has been watching TV for two hours.
2. He has been smoking since 2015.

Exercises

  1. He (write) an interesting essay.
  2. I (take) the dose of medicine for two days.
  3. The farmer (plant) since morning.
  4. I (learn) English.
  5. Rita (drive) the black car for five years.
  6. The children (watch) the TV all day long.
  7. John (smoke) for five years.
  8. The mechanic (fix) my bike since morning.
  9. I (plan) my holidays for one week.
  10. He (obey) the orders of his boss.

View: Present Perfect Continuous Tense Practice Test (Exercise)

Answers

  1. He has been writing an interesting essay.
  2. have been taking the dose of medicine for two days.
  3. The farmer has been planting since morning.
  4. have been learning English.
  5. Rita has been driving the black car for five years.
  6. The children have been watching the TV all day long.
  7. John has been smoking for five years.
  8. The mechanic has been fixing my bike since morning.
  9. have been planning my holidays for one week.
  10. He has been obeying the orders of his boss.

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