Present Continuous Tense (Formula, Examples & Exercises)

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present continuous tense

Definition

The present continuous or the present progressive tense are used to describe an action at the time of speaking.

Present continuous tense It is the ongoing action or task in the present. It can also be called present progressive tense. For example.

Ex. – Iam eating the meal.

This tense can be used to describe actions that are happening right now, or an unfinished action. This tense can also be used for actions that are temporary.

present continuous tense formula

Forming the Present Continuous Tense

Present Continuous Tense: Definition, Useful Rules and Examples • 7ESL
formula of present continuous tense

Quick Refer Table: The Present Continuous Tense in All Forms

KEY

Ving → Present Participle

FormsVerbs
+To be [am, is, are] + Vingam running today.
?To be [am, is, are] + subject + VingAre you running today?
To be [am, is, are] + not + Vingam not running today.

The formula to write in the present continuous is: ‘be’ verb [am, is, are…] + present participle.

Examples:

  • He is driving erratically.
  • She is making a move.
  • They are sitting at the table.
  • They are moving to another table.
  • We are baking a cake.

Making it Negative

This formula will make the negative present continuous tense.[ame, is, and are] + not + participle

Examples:

  • She is not making sense.
  • We are not going with you.
  • Terrence isn’t working on his project.
  • They aren’t playing the game this evening.
  • I’m not kidding with you.

1) I am not studying hard for exams

मैं परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं कर रहा हूँ।

2) I am not going to work everyday.

मैं रोज काम पर नहीं जा रहा हूं।

3) I am not sleeping late on Saturdays.

मैं शनिवार को देर से नहीं सो रहा हूँ।

4) I am not watching a movie every week.

मैं हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म नहीं देख रहा हूं।

5) I am not swimming on Sundays.

मैं रविवार को तैराकी नहीं कर रहा हूँ ।

When to use the Present Continuous Tense

To give energy to what is happening, we use the present continuous and combine it with adynamic verb(A verb that is indicative of action).

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Use #1

To describe an action that is happening right now, or in the exact moment.

Examples:

  • am reading.
  • She isn’t going.
  • They are running the race.
  • He isn’t working.
  • Are you listening?

Use #2

Use to describe something you’re doing.

English refers to things in the present, or “now”, when we talk about what we are doing. It can take a month or a century to complete a task. However, the present continuous is used when you are in the middle of it.

This tense can be used even if the action is not being performed at the moment. If you are unable to perform the action at that exact moment,During the processThe present continuous can also be used

Take a look at the following examples to understand what we mean.

Examples A:

  • am studying to be a surgeon.

It takes many years of practice and education to become a surgeon. However, we speak it in the present continuous tense.

You could also make the statement while someone is doing something else. This tense can be used even if the individual is not simultaneously studying.

Example B:

  • am reading War and Peace

Les Miserables can be a lengthy novel that would take many hours to read. It’s possible to be doing something else in the exact same moment you spoke that sentence.

However, the present continuous tense can be used if you are reading Les Miserables.

Additional examples:

Use #3

A way to indicate something that is likely or unlikely to happen in the near future. This is especially useful when talking about plans.

Here are some examples:

  • I’m driving to the concert later.
  • We’re watching the Super Bowl tonight.
  • They’re running in the race later today.

Also Read:

Tense Chart: Basic Rules Examples & Formula

Use #4

When expressing irritation. Use with “always” and “constantly”

Here are some examples:

  • She is always talking during movies.
  • He is constantly begging me to go on a date.
  • They are always complaining about the lack of resources for the department.
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When to Not Use It

Use the present continuous tense insteadstative‘ verbs(Verbs that describe a state, but not an action).These verbs should be kept in the simple present tense.

  • He sounds like he’s having a bad day. –Incorrect
  • It sounds like he’s had a rough day.Correct
    • She needs a new gown.Incorrect
    • She is in dire need of a new gown.Correct

**Note: There are verbs that can be both stative and dynamic, and you can use present continuous with the dynamic form of the verb.

You have the grammar, present continuous formula. You know the rules. You’ll master the present continuous tense with practice!

Asking a question (continuous present tense)

Use the following formula to ask a question in present continuous tense:[ams, is, and are] + subject + participle

Examples:

  • Is she going with us?
  • Are they running today?
  • Are you working tonight?
  • Is he writing me a ticket?
  • Am I the only one hearing this?

1) Am I studying hard for exams?

क्या मैं परीक्षा के लिए कड़ी मेहनत कर रहा हूँ?

2) Am I going to work everyday?

क्या मैं रोज़ काम करने जा रहा हूँ?

3) Am I sleeping late on Saturdays?

क्या मैं शनिवार को देर से सो रहा हूँ?

4) Am I watching a movie every week?

क्या मैं हर हफ्ते एक फिल्म देख रहा हूँ?

5) Am I swimming on Sundays?

क्या मैं रविवार को तैराकी कर रहा हूँ?

1) Am I not studying hard for exams?

क्या मैं परीक्षा के लिए कठिन अध्ययन नहीं कर रहा हूँ?

2) Am I not going to work everyday?

क्या मैं रोज़ काम पर नहीं जा रहा हूँ?

3) Am I not sleeping late on Saturdays?

क्या मैं शनिवार को देर से नहीं सो रहा हूँ ?

4) Am I not watching a movie every week?

क्या मैं हर हफ्ते फिल्म नहीं देख रहा हूँ?

5) Am I not swimming on Sundays?

क्या मैं रविवार को तैराकी नहीं कर रहा हूँ?

How to form the Present Continuous Tense

The present continuous form of the tense includes the subject and the present particle (-ing) of main verb. It also contains the present continuous, tense of verbs to be: am. is. are. “He” is a subject. “Is” is a present tense verb and “swimming is a present participle verb. Other forms of this verb form are:

  • I am singing at church today.
  • The boys are playing ball after school.
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Examples of the Present Continuous Tense

The present continuous (progressive) tense refers only to actions that are occurring at the moment. It is one of the forms of verb tenses and in this post, we are talking about present continuous tense formula, examples and its usage. Let’s begin with the definition.

These are some basic examples of the continuous present tense. Each sentence’s verb tense is highlighted.

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Past Continuous Tense (Formula, Usage, Examples)| Past Continuous Tense Examples

  • She is crying.
  • He is talking to his friend.
  • The baby is sleeping in his crib.
  • We are visiting the museum in the afternoon.

You can use present continuous tense to express what is happening right now, or something that isn’t happening right now. This usage is illustrated by:

  • He is not standing.
  • Anthony is sitting in the chair.
  • You are not watching the movie.
  • Rose is reading a book.

You can also use present continuous tense to indicate that something will happen or not in the near future. This is an example of how it can be used:

  • She is not going to the game tonight.
  • He is meeting his friends after school.
  • Are you visiting your cousin this weekend?
  • I am not going to the meeting after work.
  • Is John playing football today?

For actions that are still occurring at the time of speech, present continuous tense may be used. This usage is illustrated by:

  • Marc is making pizza now.
  • They are eating lunch right now.
  • Frances is talking on the phone at the moment.

You can also use present continuous tense in questions. These are just a few examples:

  • Is she laughing?
  • Are they listening to the teacher?
  • Is the baby drinking his bottle?
  • Are you going?

More uses of the Present Continuous Tense

The present continuous tense can also be used to describe repeated actions. Along with the verb, words such as always, continuously, and forever can be used. This usage is illustrated by:

Hope you got a lot to know about present continuous tense, present continuous tense formula, formula of present continuous tense. We have tried to give you information about present continuous formula, continuous present tense. Along with this, we have told about formula of present continuous tense, If you still have any question in your mind about formula of present continuous tense then you can ask us by commenting in the comment box below.

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