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PC full form| Personal computer (pc full form)

Definition:Personal Computer
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Personal computer (pc full form)

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Laptop ComputerSee all media

Personal computer (PC).?,Digital computer It is intended to be used by one person at a given time. A typical computer system consists of the following:central processing (CPU), which is the computer’s logic and arithmetic. integrated circuitTwo types of computer memory, main memory, digitalrandom access memory (RAM),An auxiliary Memory, such as magnetic disks and optical memory compact discs ROM (read-only memory) diskscd-roms(DVD-ROMs); and otherinput/output devices Included is a display screen, keyboard, and mouseMODEMPrint.Also see computer: the history of computing.

From hobby computers to Apple (PC full form)

Computers small enough to be used in your home and affordable enough to purchase were first possible in the 1970s when large-scale integration made possible the construction of a sufficient powerful microprocessor on one semiconductor chip. The Altair was the first personal computer. It was made by a small company called MITS. The computer was built using Intel Corporation‘s microprocessor 8080. Although the Altair was popular with computer enthusiasts, its commercial appeal was limited. Is the US’s first website? Take this computer quiz to prove you are smarter than a machine.

In 1977, the personal computer industry was born with three mass-produced pre-assembled personal computers. These were the Apple Computer, Inc.’s (now Apple Inc.), Apple II, and the Tandy Radio Shop TRS-80. These machines were powered by eight-bit microprocessors, which process information in eight bits or binary numbers at a time, and had limited memory capacity, i.e. the ability to access a certain amount of data stored in memory storage. Personal computers were cheaper than mainframe computers, which are larger computers used by large businesses, government agencies, and industry. They could be bought by individuals, small and medium-sized companies, as well as primary and secondary schools.

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Steve Wozniak, Steve JobsSteve Wozniak (left), and Steve Jobs with an Apple I circuit board, circa 1976. Courtesy of Apple Computer, Inc.

The TRS-80 was the most popular of these computers. The TRS80 microcomputer had four kilobytes memory, a Z80 microprocessor and cassettes for data storage. The machine did not allow lowercase letters to be typed in order to cut costs. Tandy’s Radio Shack chain and the remarkable price ($399 fully assembled, tested), made the machine a success. The company introduced the TRS80 Model II in 2002, which was marketed as a small-business computer.

When it was chosen to host VisiCalc, the first electronic calculator, the Apple II gained a lot of popularity.Spreadsheet(computerized accounting software). Other types of applicationsSoftwarePersonal computers will be available soon.

IBM PC (pc full form)

IBM Corporation was the dominant computer manufacturer in the world, but it didn’t enter the new market until 1981 when the IBM Personal Computer or IBM PC was introduced. The IBM PC was faster than other machines, had a 10x higher memory capacity and was supported by IBM’s large sales team. The IBM PC also served as the host computer for 1-2-3, a very popular spreadsheet that was introduced in 1982 by Lotus Development Corporation. The IBM PC was the most widely used personal computer in the world. Both its microprocessor, Intel 8088, as well as its operating system (which was adapted from Microsoft Corporation’s MS-DOS), became industry standards. If they attempted to compete with IBM on the basis a higher computing power or memory, they were called “IBM compatibles”, and “IBM Clones” if their prices were lower.

IBM Personal Computer

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GUI (pc full form)

Apple introduced Lisa in 1983, a personal computer that had a graphical user interface (GUI). This allowed routine operations to be performed. A GUI allows users to choose commands, call up files and start programs. The GUI can be used with a device called a keyboard to point at pictorial symbols (icons), or lists of menu options on the screen. This format was more convenient than interfaces that required the user to type text- or character-based commands using a keyboard. GUIs could have windows, pull-down menus and dialog box controls. This allowed common tasks to be performed in a consistent way in new programs and apps. The GUI developed by Lisa was the foundation of Apple’s Macintosh personal computers, which were introduced in 1984. It proved to be a huge success. Because it could display text and graphics on the screen, the Macintosh was especially useful for desktop publishing.

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Apple's Lisa computer
Apple’s Lisa computerApple’s Lisa computer.Courtesy of Apple Computer, Inc.

GUI (pc full form)

Apple introduced Lisa in 1983, a personal computer that had a graphical user interface (GUI). This allowed routine operations to be performed. A GUI allows users to choose commands, call up files and start programs. The GUI can be used with a device called a keyboard to point at pictorial symbols (icons), or lists of menu options on the screen. This format was more convenient than interfaces that required the user to type text- or character-based commands using a keyboard. GUIs could have windows, pull-down menus and dialog box controls. This allowed common tasks to be performed in a consistent way in new programs and apps. The GUI developed by Lisa was the foundation of Apple’s Macintosh personal computers, which were introduced in 1984. It proved to be a huge success. Because it could display text and graphics on the screen, the Macintosh was especially useful for desktop publishing.

Faster, smaller, and more-powerful PCs

These advances in software and operating systems were matched by the development of microprocessors containing ever-greater numbers of circuits, with resulting increases in the processing speed and power of personal computers. The Intel 80386 32-bit microprocessor (introduced 1985) gave the Compaq Computer Corporation’s Compaq 386 (introduced 1986) and IBM’s PS/2 family of computers (introduced 1987) greater speed and memory capacity. Apple’s Mac II computer family made equivalent advances with microprocessors made by Motorola, Inc. The memory capacity of personal computers had increased from 64 kilobytes (64,000 characters) in the late 1970s to 100 megabytes (100 million characters) by the early ’90s to several gigabytes (billions of characters) by the early 2000s.

Compaq portable computer

Compaq portable computerCompaq Computer Corporation launched the first IBM-compatible portable computer on November 22, 1982. It weighed in at 25 pounds (11 kg) and was often called a “luggable computer”.

Palm Pilot

In 2000, more than half of American households owned personal computers. This penetration grew dramatically as people around the globe bought PCs to access the Internet world.

The nonprofit One Laptop per Child project sought to provide a cheap (about $100), durable, energy-efficient computer to every child in the world, especially those in less-developed countries.
One Laptop per Child was a non-profit project that provided a durable, affordable, and energy-efficient computer for every child worldwide, particularly those living in less-developed nations.

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As the 2000s advanced, the distinction between mainframe computers (mainframe computers) and PCs became blurred. Microprocessors with more than one core (CPU) were replaced by single-core microchips. High-end graphics processing cards, which are essential for playing modern electronic games, became standard equipment on all PCs, except the most expensive. The processor speed, data storage capacity, and amount of memory speed reached or exceeded those of the supercomputers.

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Personal Computer (PC). (pc full form)

What does Personal Computer (PC), mean?

A personal computer is a computer that can be used for a single purpose and is cost-effective. Each PC depends on microprocessor technology. This allows PC manufacturers to place the entire central processing unit (CPU), on one chip.
Computers are used by businesses to do tasks such as accounting, word processing, desktop publishing, and word processing. They also run spreadsheets and database queries. Home PCs are used primarily for multimedia entertainment, such as playing PC games and accessing the Internet. Although PCs are designed to be used as single-user systems it is common to connect them together to form a network such as a local network (LAN).

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Techopedia explains Personal Computer (PC).

Computers occupied whole rooms in the 1960s and 1970s. They were not affordable to small universities or enterprises and could only be used by large companies and corporations. Multiple users could access these early computers via attached terminals. All users shared resources. In the 1980s, the term PC was popularized due to Time Magazine’s 1982 selection of PC as the Man of the year. Technology had advanced sufficiently that small computers could be owned and used by one person in the late 1980s.

IBM introduced the IBM PC in 1981. The IBM PC quickly became a popular product on the market. Few companies were able to survive the popularity and success of IBM PCs. Apple was a major player in the PC market.

In later years, other manufacturers began to follow the IBM PC trend and developed IBM clones. Clones were computers that had almost identical configurations to IBM PCs but cost less. Slowly, IBM lost its dominance in this PC market. Presently, the PC market is split between Apple Macintoshes (as of 2011) and other manufacturers’ PCs.

These are the most common parts of a PC:

  • Computer case ,
  • Motherboard
  • Random access memory (RAM).
  • Hard drive(s)
  • Writers/CD/DVD drive/writers
  • You can connect various external devices such as a keyboard, printer, and visual display.

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