Parts of Speech:- It’s Types & Examples

Parts of Speech:-

A part of speech can be defined as a class or words that are based on the function of the word, which is the way it functions in a sentence. Parts of speech include noun, verb and adjective. An adjective is one example of a part.

Type of Parts of Speech:-

There are eight parts of speech in the English language.

1. Noun:-

A word (except for a pronoun).This identifies a person or place, or things, or names One of them (proper noun).

The simple definition is: A noun is the name of a person, place, thing, or idea.

 Here are some examples:

Person: Man, woman, teacher John, Mary.

 Place: Home, town or country, America.

Types Of Nouns:-

Common noun:-

Common nouns are nouns that refer to people or things generally, e.g. boy , country, bridge , city, birth , day, happiness .

Proper noun:-

A proper noun is a name that identifies a particular person, place, or thing,

e.g. Steven. Monday. Proper nouns in English written start with capital letters.

Concrete noun:-

A concrete noun is a noun which refers to people and to things that exist physically and can be seen, touched, smelled, heard, or tasted. Examples are dog (or building), coffee, tree, rain or beach, and tune.

Abstract noun:-

An abstract noun refers to nouns that are not tangible or can be touched. It also includes things that have no physical reality (e.g. truth, danger, happiness, time, friendship, humour.

Collective nouns:-

Collective nouns are used to refer to groups of people and things. audience, family, government, team, jury. American English treats most collective nouns as singular and uses a singular verb.

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The entire family Was At the table.

The preceding sentence in British English would be correct. However, it would also be accurate to treat the collective nouns as plurals with a plural verb.

The entire familyThese wereAt the table.

For more information about this, see matching verbs to collective nouns.

A noun may belong to more than one category. Happiness, for example, can be both an abstract and common noun. Mount Everest, on the other hand, is both a concrete and proper noun.

Mass nouns and count:-

Nouns can be used in either direction. CountableOrUncountable.Countable nouns(or)count nouns() refers to something that can count.Uncountable nouns(or)mass nouns() are not used to refer to things that can easily be counted, so they don’t often have a plural form.

2. Pronoun:-

A pronoun(I, me, she, herself. You, it, that. they, each. few. many. who, whoever. whose, somebody, everybody, etc.) is a word that replaces a noun. 

Types Of Pronoun:-

Pronouns for personal use:-

The personal pronouns replace people and things. They can refer to either one or more nouns and can be singular or plural. Examples of them include me, us, and we.

The subject and object of a sentence are the personal pronouns . Each personal pronoun can take different forms depending upon its function. A writer might refer to himself by using I. If he is the subject of a sentence like “I saw the dog”, he would use me.

Possessive pronouns:-

Possessive Pronouns refer to personal pronouns which also indicate possession. They can be singular (like mine) or plural (like our). These pronouns are often used before the item being possessed, but they don’t always. Both “my car” or “the car belongs to me” can indicate who is the owner of the car.

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Relative pronouns:-

A relative pronoun is used to start a clause, which is a set of words that refers to a noun. These are all relative pronouns. They can also be used as other types depending on the sentence. In “I saw the dog you own,” for example, the relative pronoun is at the beginning of the sentence that describes the dog.

Reflexive pronouns:-

reflexive pronoun is used after a verb when a subject performs an act on its own. The following reflexive pronouns are available: myself, him, them, and themselves. A reflexive pronoun could be the expression “I kicked .”

Indefinite pronouns:-

Indefinite Pronouns are similar to personal pronouns. They refer to people and things but don’t have a particular person or thing to refer to. Some examples of indefinite pronouns are: some, anyone, or everything.

Demonstrative pronouns:-

Demonstrative Pronouns indicate or modify an individual or thing. There are four demonstrative pronouns available: this and that for singular words, and these and them for plural words.

Interrogative pronouns:-

Interrogative pronouns begin questions. In “Who are you?” for example, the interrogative pronoun that starts the question is the “Who are You?” For questions that involve people, there are five interrogative pronouns. These are who, whom and whose and which and what.

3. Verb

A verb is a part of speech used in a sentence to express any action and existing reality.The verb is classified into two parts, One is the main verb, and the other is a helping (auxiliary) verb.
The tense of a sentence can change the meaning of verbs.

pronounhelping verbmain verbnoun
HeHasPlayBasketball
TheyThese areObserveMovie

4. Adjective

  • An adjective modifies or describes a noun or pronoun.

pretty… old… blue… smart

An adjective is a word that describes or modifies a noun. It answers the question, “Which one, what type, or how many?” (Articles [a. an. the] are often classified as adjectives.

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  • They live in a beautiful house.
  • Lisa is wearing a sleeveless shirt today. This soup is not edible.
  • She wore a beautiful dress.

5. Adverb

Adverbs modify or describe a verb, adjective, or other adverb.

gently… extremely… carefully… well

An adverb modifies or describes a verb, adjective or another adverb but not a noun. The adverb answers the following questions: when, where? how, why? under what conditions or to what extent. Adverbs often end in -ly.

  • He swims well.
  • He ran quickly.
  • She spoke softly.

6. Preposition

  • A preposition is a word that is placed before a pronoun or noun to create a phrase modifying another word in the sentence.

from… with …. around… to

(by the tree, together with our friends.)

Prepositions are words that are placed before pronouns or nouns to modify another word in a sentence. A preposition is always part a prepositional phrase. Prepositional phrases almost always function as adjectives or adverbs. Here are the most commonly used prepositions.

  • He sat on the chair.
  • There is some milk in the fridge.
  • She was hiding under the table.

7. Conjunction

  • A conjunction is a combination of words, phrases, and clauses.

but…or…while…

A conjunction is a combination that joins words, phrases or clauses and shows the relationship between them. Coordinating conjunctions connect elements that are grammatically identical: and, but or, nor. Subordinating conjunctions link clauses that do not match: but, while, while, since, etc. Other types of conjunctions exist as well.

  • Just as I was watching the football match on TV, electricity went off.
  • Though it is raining, they swam in the pool.
  • We can meet you wherever you want.

8. Interjection

  • Interjections are words that express emotion.

Oh !… Wow !… Oh!

An interjection is a word that expresses emotion. It is usually followed by an exclamation point.

The teacher gave the young girl a long letter, which she then quickly vanished.Oh my! You can!

  • Hurrah! We won.
  • Alas! He did not die.
  • Bravo! We made an aircraft.

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