Overproduction of Mucus in Throat: Causes and Treatment Options

Mucus protects your respiratory system with lubrication and filtration. It’s produced by mucous membranes that run out of your nostril to your lungs.

Each time you breathe in, allergens, viruses, mud, and different particles follow the mucus, which is then handed out of your system. However typically, your physique can produce an excessive amount of mucus, which requires frequent throat clearing.

Hold studying to study what causes extra manufacturing of mucus in your throat, and what you are able to do about it.

There are a selection of well being situations that may set off extra mucus manufacturing, equivalent to:

Extra mucus manufacturing may end result from sure way of life and environmental components, equivalent to:

  • a dry indoor setting
  • low consumption of water and different fluids
  • excessive consumption of fluids that may result in fluid loss, equivalent to espresso, tea, and alcohol
  • sure medicines
  • smoking

If the overproduction of mucus turns into a daily and uncomfortable incidence, think about consulting along with your healthcare supplier for a full analysis and a therapy plan.

Over-the-counter and prescription medicines

Your physician could advocate remedy equivalent to:

  • Over-the-counter (OTC) medicines. Expectorants, equivalent to guaifenesin (Mucinex, Robitussin) can skinny and loosen mucus so it would filter of your throat and chest.
  • Prescription medicines. Mucolytics, equivalent to hypertonic saline (Nebusal) and dornase alfa (Pulmozyme) are mucus thinners that you simply inhale by a nebulizer. In case your extra mucus is triggered by a bacterial an infection, your physician will probably prescribe antibiotics.

Self-care steps

Your physician can also counsel some self-care steps you’ll be able to take to assist cut back mucus, equivalent to:

  • Gargle with heat salt water. This residence treatment might help clear mucus from the again of your throat and will assist kill germs.
  • Humidify the air. Moisture within the air might help preserve your mucus skinny.
  • Keep hydrated. Consuming sufficient liquids, particularly water, might help loosen congestion and assist your mucus circulate. Heat liquids will be efficient however keep away from caffeinated beverages.
  • Elevate your head. Mendacity flat could make it really feel just like the mucus is amassing behind your throat.
  • Keep away from decongestants. Though decongestants dry secretions, they might make it harder to cut back mucus.
  • Keep away from irritants, fragrances, chemical compounds, and air pollution. These can irritate mucous membranes, signaling the physique to supply extra mucus.
  • For those who smoke, attempt to cease. Quitting smoking is useful, particularly with power lung illness equivalent to bronchial asthma or COPD.
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Mucus is produced by the decrease airways in response to irritation. When it’s extra mucus that’s coughed up — it’s known as phlegm.

The reply isn’t medical: Mucus is a noun and mucous is an adjective. For instance, mucous membranes secrete mucus.

Your physique is all the time producing mucus. Overproduction of mucus in your throat is commonly the results of a minor sickness that needs to be allowed to run its course.

Typically, nevertheless, extra mucus could be a signal of a extra critical situation. See your healthcare supplier if the:

  • overproduction of mucus is persistent and recurring
  • quantity of mucus you’re producing will increase dramatically
  • extra mucus is accompanied by different regarding signs

What may cause frequent throat clearing?


Most individuals clear their throat occasionally. Typically, it’s in response to irritants, different instances it’s only a behavior. Nevertheless, frequent throat clearing could also be resulting from a medical situation.

An individual could clear their throat actually because it seems like one thing is tickling or caught within the throat. These sensations can happen even when nothing is there.

Throat clearing itself isn’t a medical situation, however it may be a symptom of 1.

On this article, we discover some doable causes of frequent throat clearing. We additionally describe when to see a health care provider and normal therapy choices.

Postnasal drip
Woman holding hand in front of mouth coughing or clearing throatShare on Pinterest
Continual throat clearing could point out an underlying medical situation.

The sinuses, throat, and nostril all produce mucus that an individual normally swallows unconsciously. When mucus begins to construct up or trickle down the again of the throat, the medical identify for that is postnasal drip.

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Causes of postnasal drip embody infections, allergy symptoms, and acid reflux. An individual can also discover further signs, equivalent to:


Treating the reason for postnasal drip is one of the best ways to cut back throat clearing and different signs. Remedy choices could embody:

  • antihistamine medicines for sinus and nasal allergy symptoms
  • antibiotics for bacterial infections
  • antacids, H2 receptor blockers, and proton pump inhibitors for acid reflux disease

Different suggestions for relieving postnasal drip can embody staying hydrated and utilizing decongestants, nasal sprays, and saline irrigation strategies.

Acid reflux disorder

A particular kind of reflux known as laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR), also called silent reflux, typically causes frequent throat clearing.

LPR entails acid from the abdomen flowing again up the esophagus and into the larynx and pharynx, resulting in throat irritation.

In keeping with a 2013 reviewTrusted Source, as much as 60 % of individuals with gastroesophageal reflux illness (GERD) develop signs of LPR.

Extra signs of LPR can embody:

  • hoarseness
  • bother swallowing
  • a sore throat


Remedy for LPR is similar as that for GERD and contains medicines equivalent to antacids, H2 receptor blockers, and proton pump inhibitors.

Way of life interventions are additionally an essential a part of managing an individual’s signs. These embody:

  • sustaining a wholesome weight
  • quitting tobacco product use
  • avoiding meals that set off signs
  • limiting alcohol consumption
Nasal allergy symptoms

Allergies happen when the physique’s immune system overreacts to the presence of drugs, known as allergens, which might be normally innocent.

Widespread causes of nasal allergy symptoms embody pollen, mud, and animal dander.

Nasal allergy symptoms can result in extra mucus manufacturing, which might trigger frequent throat clearing.

Different signs of throat allergy symptoms embody:

  • a blocked or runny nostril
  • itchy or watery eyes
  • sneezing


Amongst a variety of therapy choices for nasal allergy symptoms are:

  • antihistamines
  • corticosteroid intranasal sprays
  • decongestants
  • allergy pictures, which might help construct a tolerance to a particular allergen

Additionally, an individual can cut back or stop their signs by avoiding identified allergens.

Swallowing issues
Swallowing problems can cause coughing and choking.Share on Pinterest
Swallowing issues may cause coughing and choking.

Swallowing problems may end up from neurological points or structural abnormalities contained in the physique. Issue swallowing may result in throat irritation and frequent throat clearing.

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If an individual has bother swallowing, they might additionally expertise:

  • hoarseness
  • coughing
  • heartburn
  • choking when consuming


Remedy for issue swallowing depends upon the trigger however could embody speech remedy.


Docs generally prescribe angiotensin changing enzyme (ACE) inhibitors to deal with high blood pressure.

These medication may cause nasal congestion and postnasal drip, and an individual could reply by clearing their throat ceaselessly.

At the moment, no research have indicated whether or not throat clearing is a standard aspect impact of ACE inhibitor use.

Nevertheless, researchTrusted Source means that as much as 15 % of people that take these medicines develop a power cough. The underlying reason behind the cough can result in nasal congestion, postnasal drip, and frequent throat clearing.


Anybody who experiences a regarding or bothersome aspect impact of a medicine ought to converse with their physician, who could counsel altering the dosage or switching remedies.

Tic issues

Tics are sudden and repetitive twitches, sounds, or actions that the particular person can not management.

In keeping with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Trusted Source, there are three primary sorts of tic dysfunction:

  • persistent vocal or motor tic dysfunction
  • provisional tic dysfunction
  • Tourette’s syndrome

In keeping with a 2015 study, throat clearing is among the 5 most typical signs of tic issues. Their trigger is unclear, however these issues seem to run in households and happen extra typically in males.

Different signs of tic issues can fluctuate significantly, however could embody:

  • frequent blinking
  • head jerking
  • phrase or sound repetition
  • snapping with the fingers


Remedy depends upon the kind of dysfunction and the severity of an individual’s signs, however medicines and behavioral remedy can typically assist.

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