MPSC Full Form Hindi| History of the Michigan Public Service Commission.

Definition:Michigan Public Service Commission
Category:Governmental » Departments & Agencies

मिशिगन पब्लिक सर्विस कमीशन (MPSC) 

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The Michigan Railroad Commission was established by the Michigan Legislature in 1873. It was composed of a single commissioner and is responsible for regulating railroad rates and conditions. In 1909, the Legislature made the Commission a three-member entity to regulate electric and rail rates. In 1911, the authority of the Michigan Railroad Commission was expanded to include telephone service.

1919 saw the dissolution of the Michigan Railroad Commission and the creation of the Michigan Public Utilities Commission, which consisted five members. Each member served four-year terms. Public Act 419, 1919, gave the MPUC authority over steam and natural gas. It also expanded to water carriers (ferry service) in 1921. Public Act 9 of 1929 gave the MPUC authority over natural gas and petroleum pipelines. Public Act 16 was for petroleum pipelines. Public Act 254 was for motor carriers.

In 1939, the MPUC was disbanded and the Michigan Public Service Commission was created. It was a five-member panel with each member serving five-year terms. In 1947, the Legislature made the body three members and gave each member a six-year term. The Legislature placed the first restrictions on political activity for Commission members since the railroad commission had been disbanded. MPSC members could not serve as officers or members of any committee for any political party. In 1951, the Legislature passed Public Act 275, which required that not more than two Commissioners may represent a single political party.

In 1957, the MPSC established Gas Safety Standards. These standards set safety requirements for natural gas pipelines. In 1969, the Legislature passed Public Act 165, providing for enforcement and penalties related to the Gas Safety Standards. Over the last fifty years, Michigan regulations have been subject to periodic revisions and updated in accordance with state and federal legislative requirements.

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Public Act 19 (67) brought water utilities under the jurisdiction of the MPSC. Public Act 246 (1996) abolished the Commission’s jurisdiction over these utilities.

The 1968 Department of State Highways was transferred to the MPSC for the administration and enforcement of motor carrier size, weight and load. Executive Order 1982-1 transferred to the Department of State Police the Motor Carrier Enforcement Division. In 1982, the Motor Carrier Act was amended by the Michigan Legislature. This removed certain restrictions on competition and allowed motor carriers to increase or decrease rates without Commission approval. The Commission retained regulatory control over household goods rates and services.

Executive Order 1986-17 combined the Energy Administration of the Michigan Department of Commerce and the MPSC with the intention to improve the regulatory and nonregulatory energy planning, policy, and program capabilities of Michigan. The merger also consolidated Michigan’s responsibility within the MPSC for energy-related programmes.

The Michigan Telecommunications Act was passed by the Michigan Legislature in 1991. This law was intended to increase economic opportunities and encourage customer choice. The MTA Amendments of 1995, 1997 and 2005 significantly changed the MPSC’s role as a regulator of telecommunications. The MPSC is no longer responsible for regulating local telecommunications rates. Instead, competition from intra- and intermodal technology governs the local service market. Michigan has granted basic telephone service licenses to approximately 200 companies. Interconnection agreements between telecommunications providers are also under the responsibility of the Commission. In 2017, there were more than 300 Commission-approved interconnection arrangements in place.

In the 1990s, the MPSC underwent a series of changes to improve efficiency and competitiveness in its operations. Executive Order 1996-2 transferred energy program functions to the Department of Consumer and Industry Services. This created the State Energy Office to manage these programs. Natural gas customer choice programs have been approved for the four largest natural gas companies in Michigan and more than 400,000 Michigan customers use an alternative gas supplier. Alternative electric suppliers are also used to service approximately 10% of Michigan’s electric load.

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The Customer Choice and Electricity Reliability Act of Michigan (2000 PA 141) required the MPSC to issue orders allowing all Michigan investor-owned utilities customers to choose another electric supplier. Michigan’s electric industry was restructured to allow competition in the supply and generation of electricity. Although the electric distribution business was still managed by a monopoly utility, the law allowed for the sale of transmission assets.

Public Acts 286 & 295 of 2008 authorized energy efficient programs. They required electric utilities meet a 10% renewable portfolio standard and retained electric choice, but set a cap at 10% of the utility’s average weather-adjusted sales for the previous calendar year.

Executive Order 2015-10 was enacted May 18, 2015. It created the Michigan Agency for Energy and transferred the Commission from the Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs as an independent agency to MAE. The Order transferred authority and the Motor Carrier Division to the Michigan State Police.

The 2016 Public Acts 341 & 342 were approved on December 15, 2016. Governor Rick Snyder signed them on December 21, 2016. PA 341 is an update to Michigan’s energy laws. These include utility rate cases and electric choice. PA 342 is an update to Michigan’s energy laws. It allows utilities to use on-bill financing programs. To implement the provisions of PA 341 and 342, the MPSC created a number of work teams.

April 2019 – Gov. Gretchen Whitmer’s Executive Order 2019-04 was signed into law. It abolished MAE and brought the MPSC back under the Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs. The majority of MAE’s functions have been transferred to the new Department of Environment, Great Lakes and Energy, with the exception of the Energy Security Section, which was given to the MPSC, along with legal responsibilities for emergency management.

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