MGNREGA Full Form Hindi| Overview of MGNREGA.

Definition:Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
Category:Governmental » Policies & Programs

महात्मा गांधी राष्ट्रीय ग्रामीण रोजगार गारंटी अधिनियम (MGNREGA)

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  • The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), also known as Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MNREGS) is Indian legislation enacted on August 25, 2005. The MGNREGA gives a legal guarantee of one hundred days employment for all adult members of rural households who are willing to perform unskilled manual public work at the minimum wage. The Ministry of Rural Development (MRD), Govt of India is monitoring the entire implementation of this scheme in association with state governments
  • This law was created to increase the purchasing power and income of rural Indians. It primarily provides semi- or unskilled work for those living below the poverty line in rural India. This act aims to reduce the gap between the poor and the rich in the country. Women must make up about one-third the work force.
  • The Gram Panchayat accepts adult members of rural households who submit their name, address and age along with a photo. After making enquiries, the Gram Panchayat registers households and issues a jobcard. The job card includes the information of each adult member and their photo. A registered person can apply for work (for at most fourteen days continuous work) to either Panchayat, or to the Programme Officer.
  • The Panchayat/Programme Officer will accept the application and issue a dated receipt. A letter providing work will also be sent to the applicant. If the distance is greater than 5km, an additional wage will be charged.
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  1. MGNREGA provides hundred days of wage employment for rural households whose adult members are willing to perform unskilled manual labor.
  2. Individual beneficiary-oriented works can be undertaken on the cards of Scheduled Castes/ Scheduled Tribes, marginal farmers, beneficiaries of land reforms or beneficiaries of the Indira Awaas Yojana of Government of India.
  3. Wage employment will be offered to the applicant within 15 days after the submission of the application.
  4. You have the right to apply for unemployment benefits if employment is not offered within 15 days or after the date you applied.
  5. Within fifteen days of the work being done, you will receive your wages.
  6. There are many permissible work that can be done by Gram Panchayaths.
  7. MGNREGA is focused on economic and social empowerment for women.
  8. MGNREGA offers “Green” and “Decent” work.
  9. Social Audit of MGNREGA works is mandatory, which lends to accountability and transparency.
  10. MGNREGA addresses climate change vulnerability, protects farmers from such risks, and conserves natural resources.
  11. Gram Sabha is where wage seeker can raise their concerns and demand wages. The Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat approve the MGNREGA shelf and determine their priority.
  • In fiscal year 2006-07, the scheme was implemented in 200 districts and in 130 districts in financial year 2007.
  • NREGA was expanded to the entire country in April 2008. It now covers 34 States and Union Territories. 614 Districts. 6,096 Blocks. 2.65 lakhs Gram Panchayat.
  • In the financial year 2015-16, 648 districts, 6,849 blocks, and 2,50,441 GRAM PANYATS are covered by this scheme.
Mahatma Gandhi NREGAMahatma Gandhi NREGS
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (Mahatma Gandhi NREGA) is the foundation for the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme Mahatma Gandhi NREGS) and provides guaranteed employmentThe Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, (Mahatma Gandhi NREGS), was created as directed by Mahatma Gandhi NREGA. It also provides the means to put the Act into action so that the guarantee takes effect
The Central Government outlined the conditions and features for Mahatma Gandhi NREGA 2005 guaranteed employmentAll features of Mahatma Gandhi NREGA must be incorporated by the State Governments as State Mahatma Gandhi NREGS, as listed in Schedule-II. The condition of employment is also mentioned in Schedule-II.
The Central Government is empowered to make rules and amend Mahatma Gandhi NREGA.The state governments have the power to amend and make new rules for any State scheme.
Mahatma Gandhi NREGA was notified via the Gazette of India Extraordinary Notification and is now National legislationMahatma Gandhi NREGS for a State have been notified via the Official Gazette des concerned States
Mahatma Gandhi NREGA was notified on 7 September 05Different states have notified Mahatma Gandhi NREGS at different times, but within one year of Mahatma Gandhi NREGA notification

The following are permissible activities, as per Para 1 of Schedule I of Mahatma Gandhi NREGA:

  • Union Rural Development Ministry has notified works under MGNREGA. The majority of these works are related to agriculture and allied activities. Also, works that will greatly facilitate rural sanitation projects.
  • The works are divided into 10 broad categories, including Watershed, Irrigation and Flood management, Agricultural and Livestock-related works, Fisheries and works along the coast, and Rural Drinking water and sanitation related works.
  • The Gram Panchayats will inform the MGNREGA 2.0 (second generation reforms for rural job schemes) about the priority of works. They will do this in meetings of both the Gram Sabhas as well as the Ward Sabhas.
  • Rural development informed us that the new 30 works in Schedule 1 will help to support the rural development.
  • MGNREGA has included rural sanitation projects such as toilet building, soak pits, and solid and liquid waste management. The overall 60:40 labour-material ratio will still be applied at Gram Panchayat, but certain works will have some flexibility based on practical needs.
  • The MGNREG Act has approved construction of AWC buildings. On 13th August 2015, Secretary, WCD, and Secretary, Ministry of Rural Development issued joint guidelines for the construction of Anganwadi Centres under MGNREGS. MGNREGS allows construction of AWC buildings up to Rs.5 million. Exceeding Rs. 5 lakh per AWC, including flooring, painting, plumbing and electrification. The ICDS funds will cover the costs.
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I.Category, A:PUBLIC OPERATIONS RELATED TO NATURAL RESTOURCES MANAGEMENTWater conservation and water harvesting systems to enhance and improve groundwater, such as underground dykes and earthen dams.
II.Category: B.COMMUNITY ASSETS / INDIVIDUALASSETSImprovement of productivity of the lands of households as specified in Paragraph 5 by land development and providing suitable infrastructure to irrigation, including dug wells and farm ponds. Development of fallow or abandoned lands by households to bring them under cultivation. Creation of infrastructure for livestock promotion such as poultry shelter, goat shelters, piggery shelters, cattle shelters, fodder troughs and fodder troughs.
III.Category C: COMMON INFRASTRUCTURE, INCLUDING FOR THE NRLM COMPLIANTSELF HELP GROUP(I) Promotes agricultural productivity through the creation of durable infrastructure for bio-fertilizers, post-harvest facilities, and pucca storage facilities for agricultural products.
(vi)Construction of Food Grain Storage Structures to Implement the Provisions of The National Food Security Act 2013 (20 of2013)

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