|Definition||:||Kolar Gold Fields|
|Category||:||News & Entertainment » Movies & Film|
What does KGF stand for?
Kolar Gold Fields (KGFPrashanth Neel directed the Kannada film ‘) The film stars Yash and Srinidhi in the leading roles.
Kolar Gold fields: From (KGF FULL FORM) fields full of gold to a dustbowl
- The town has not had electricity or water since 2001 when the mines at Kolar Gold Fields were closed. People can also be seen urinating openly in the open, as there are very few toilets.
- Kolar is home to hills of toxic residue (locally known as cyanide hills). Untreated toxic waste can pollute land, water and air, causing health problems for the residents.
- According to government regulations, the mine operator (in this instance a government company) must restore the mine area. These rules have been ignored.
“The government took 40 precious years from my life, used and left me dead when they finished their work,” said K. Esavel (79), a resident in Karnataka’s Kolar Gold Fields.
About 100 km from Bangalore are the Kolar Gold fields. Operated by the Bharat Gold Mines Limited (BGML), a public sector undertaking, the KGF was the The world’s second-deepest gold mine, at a depth 3,000m.
They were still in operation for 121 years until their unsystematic closing on February 28, 2001. Due to high operating costs and low revenue, the mines were shut down. It has a fascinating history.
It was once known as mini England, and the KGF became the first Indian city to have electricity in 1902. To meet the area’s water needs, the British government also constructed a lake.
The area was not affected by power outages(KGF FULL FORM) or water shortages when the mine was operating. Now, however, the area is no longer glistening as neither electricity nor water supply are available.” Esavel explained to Mongabay India.
These miners‘ workers still live in poverty and receive no financial or health assistance from the government. Over 400 colonies have shanties that are less than 100 square feet.
These colonies have very poor living conditions. There are no proper toilet facilities. The colonies also have open drains for wastewater, which can lead to a variety of communicable diseases. About 260,000 people still live in the Kolar Gold Fields.
Kalai Arasan is a resident in the KGF’S Mill Colony
Kalai Arasan is a resident in the KGF’S Mill Colony. She stated that there are five public toilets, and almost 2,500 people rely on them. She stated that more than half the women and all men urinate in open.
She mentioned that the local municipality did not pay attention to numerous complaints from residents demanding proper toilet facilities. Kalai explained to Mongabay India that the toilets were not cleaned for more than a year. Residents began cleaning them out because they feared a spread of disease.
Kolar Gold Fields: Land and water contamination
The mine was shut down without prior notice and left behind environmental waste near the BGML. Over the years, the mines have generated about 35 million tonnes of residue from ore processing.
The effluents are dumped in mounds, which comprise cyanide and silica. According to a study, there are 13 major dumps on the surface, occupying about 15 percent of the total land area of about 58.12 square kilometres. Some of these cyanide dumps are locally called cyanide hills and can reach a height 40 metres.K. Esavel, 79, a resident of the Kolar Gold Fields (KGF) in Karnataka. He used to work at KGF and has developed liver problems. Photo by Tejas Dayanand Sagar.
The residue also contains sodium cyanide which is used to extract gold from lime. Copper sulphate, sodium silicate and other chemicals are also used in the dump. The study notes that froth can be seen in low-lying areas due to acidification of residue materials of sulfuride dust.
Vijay Kuman, an environmentalist, said that the dump had contaminated the groundwater. The streams that flow through the waste dumps cause flooding during monsoons and chemicals from the dump seep into water tanks and fertile agricultural land.
Kuman explained that the land has become infertile after it was used for vegetables, ragi, and groundnut growing. He also said that although the area gets good rainfall, there aren’t enough catchment areas to collect water and that the district experiences frequent droughts.
Many former employees of the Kolar Gold Fields suffer from silicosis. Esavel said that although he did not develop silicosis because he worked underground only for a few months, he had liver problems. He said that underground workers had silicosis due to the explosion, gases, and smoke.
Esavel revealed that the mine has only a handful of employees who are still alive, and most of them have died from lung cancer or silicosis. Esavel stated that there aren’t any hospitals in the area and that they often have to travel to Bangalore to receive treatment.
The cyanide dumps are covered by a cloud of dust and reek of sulphur dioxide, causing air pollution, a study had noted. Residents complain that the dump’s particulate matter (tiny dust particles), is a major source of skin allergies and respiratory problems.
Annan S., a shopkeeper at the city’s main marketplace, said that windy days make it difficult to breathe due to dust particles in the atmosphere. He said that allergies, rashes and other respiratory problems are common in this area.
Mongabay India was informed by Murali K. that silicosis is a common disease among mineworkers. He stated that lung cancer is also common in the region and admitted that no steps have been taken to prevent it from spreading. However, they are working to reduce air pollution by planting saplings on the hill of cyanide.
It is not only about the health effects, but the residents of the area are also struggling to make ends meet. Around 260,000 people live in the KGF, and because there isn’t enough work locally, they have to travel to Bangalore to find work.Residents of the KGF live in small shanties. Photo by Tejas Dayanand Sagar.
Valaras M. (a local 22-year-old) stated that he travels daily to Bangalore as a wage laborer. He said that travel is a large part of his income. He works in Bangalore for two days consecutively, then returns home to take rest and resume the same routine.
He said that no matter how educated they are, it doesn’t really matter if there aren’t any jobs in the area. Valaras stated that, aside from Bharat Earth Movers Limited and a few other companies, there are no businesses operating in the area. However, some people have taken to driving auto-rickshaws and started shops.
Many former employees of BGML claim
Many former employees of BGML claim that they receive no or very low pensions. K. Subramani (67), a former employee of the BGML, claimed that he makes about Rs. He receives 650 monthly as a pension. The BGML promised to increase the amount to Rs. He was promised Rs. 3,000, but it never happened.
Esavel worked underground at the mine for eleven years and stated that he was forced into retirement before the mine closed down. However, he does not receive any pension so he had to work as a wage laborer every day to make ends met. Esavel said, “We suddenly became untouchables following the closing of mills and government is ignoring [us] like we don’t exist.”
Because trains aren’t working, the COVID-19 epidemic has further marginalized the population. Valaras stated that he is experiencing financial difficulties and has been sitting indifferently at home since the lockdown began.
The apathy of the government
While talking about the mine closure, India’s National Mineral Policy notes that once the reserves in mine are completely exhausted there is a need for scientific mine closure which will not only restore the ecology and regenerate biodiversity but also take into account the socio-economic aspects of such closure.
“Where mining activities are spread over a few years, mining communities become established. Closing a mine not only means losing jobs but also disrupting community life. It is important to close mines in a systematic and orderly manner. The government has a responsibility to ensure that mine closure is done in an orderly and systematic manner.
This transition was not possible for the KGF. The Centre had repeatedly asked the state government to revitalize the area. However, the state government claimed that the area does not bring any revenue to the city council and has liabilities exceeding Rs. 17,000 crore (Rs. 17,000 crore (Rs.
Rajendran, an ex-legislator from the KGF region and President of Republic Party of India stated that the KGF was neglected in terms of funding development. He also said that people living in the KGF live in poverty due to government apathy.
ndia was informed by Roopa Kala Sshidhar
Mongabay India was informed by Roopa Kala Sshidhar, the Indian National Congress current legislator, that the state government has not approved the grant for the MLA (Members of Legislative Assembly), of Rs 2 crore (Rs. 20 million) in the past two years, citing flooding and COVID-19.
“In KGF we have the manpower and infrastructure, acres of land and acres of land that can be used for industrial purposes. The borders of Andhra Pradesh (and Tamil Nadu) are also close by. Mongabay India was told by Sashidhar that the state government should have capitalized on these opportunities to create employment opportunities in KGF.
We need to build the infrastructure necessary for hospitals in this area. It is also the responsibility of government to create jobs opportunities. However, at the moment, government is not focusing on KGF development or reopening mines.The ore processing units at the Bharat Gold Mines Limited site. Photo by Tejas Dayanand Sagar.
The Indian Bureau of Mines (“IBM”)
Even the Indian Bureau of Mines (“IBM”), an organization under the Department of Mines requires that the mine operator close it responsible. Its research ‘Socio-economic Impact of Unsystematic Mine Closure: A case of Kolar Gold Fields’ states that if due process was followed in the KGF while shutting the mine, it could have brought new land use, employment, character and vibrancy to the area. Unplanned closure is blamed for the destruction of the environment, people’s livelihoods and the loss of land in the KGF.
The Indian government should strengthen the policies and Acts that control unplanned mine closings and counter their effects on the community. These issues and challenges faced by the people of KGF will be addressed and can be improved if the government, mining company and people show their support and interest in reviving the town,” Karthikeyan said in his research.
Recently, the Karnataka government announced its plans to develop an industrial park in the area of over 3,200 acres of the 12,109 acres owned by the BGML. It remains to be seen if the plan will bring relief or worsen the misery of the residents.