ISO meaning

International Organization for Standardization

It all comes down to the name. Our founders chose to call it ISO because International Organization for Standardization would have different acronyms for different languages (IOS in English for International Organization for Standardization ), and OIN in French for Organisation Internationale denormalization


In 1946, 65 representatives from 25 countries gather in London to discuss future international standardization. With 67 technical committees, which are groups of experts that focus on a particular subject, ISO is officially established in 1947.

First standard

1951 saw the publication of ISO/R 1:1951 Standard Reference Temperature for Industrial Length Measurements,. The standard has been revised numerous times since then and is now

In 1949, ISO moves into offices at a small private house in Geneva. The Central Secretariat had 5 employees in the 1950s.

ISO Journal

Since its inception, ISO has published monthly information on its technical committees and the standards they have published.

ISO members meet in Stockholm to attend the 3rd General Assembly in 1955. ISO had 35 members at the start of 1955 and 68 standards (called suggestions). Henry St Leger serves as the Secretary-General.ISO 31 is a standard on quantities and units published in 1960. It has since been replaced with ISO 80 000.
ISO 31 is based upon SI (Systeme international d’unites). SI is a unit that defines each quantity. For example, the SI provides one unit for distance, and another for time. The SI system aims to achieve worldwide uniformity of units of measurement the 1960s, ISO began to include more countries in its International Standardization efforts.
It established DEVCO in 1961, a committee to assist developing countries, and introduced Correspondent membership in 1968. This allows developing countries to be kept informed about International Standardization activities without having to pay the full cost of ISO membership.

Today, correspondent membership is still a popular option in many countries. The ISO had 49 correspondent members at the beginning of 2012. Learn more about ISO and developing countries.

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International focus

In the 1970s, ISO’s Secretary-General Olle Sturen focused on making ISO a truly international organization.
Although ISO members are from all parts of the globe, only a few were fully involved in the development and implementation of International Standards in the early 1970s. Stern’s visits result in countries like Australia, Japan, and China actively participating in the development of International Standards. This international feeling is also evident in the Central Secretariat, which has an average of 25 nationalities.

Understanding the International Organization for Standardization

The International Organization for Standardization was established in 1947. It is based in Geneva, Switzerland. In the 1920s, the International Federation of the National Standardizing Associations was formed. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) was created after the International Standards Coordinating Committee (UNSCC), which had been suspended during World War II. The ISO is active in 165 countries. The ISO members are the leading standards organizations in their respective countries. There is one member per country. Individuals and companies can’t become ISO members, but there are many ways industry experts can work with the ISO.

ISO members meet each year at a General Assembly for discussions about the organization’s strategic goals. A 20-member council, with rotating members, provides guidance and governance to the organization.

ISO develops and publishes standards for a vast range of products, materials, and processes. The ISO standards catalog can be divided into approximately 97 areas, including healthcare technology, jewelry, metallurgy and weapons, civil engineering, agriculture, and aviation. ISO publishes standards in addition to technical specifications, publically available specifications, technical corrigenda and guides.

By establishing common standards between different countries, the ISO plays an important part in world trade facilitation. These standards ensure that products and services meet international standards. These standards are for the end-user as well as the consumer. They ensure that certified products meet the minimum international standards. ISO is credited with setting over twenty thousand standards. These standards cover everything from technology and manufactured products to food safety and agriculture standards.

Because these standards are so common, the term “ISO” can be used in some cases to refer to products that meet the requirements of an ISO standard. The ISO number refers to the film’s speed or sensitivity to light.

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Benefits of ISO Certification

“The ultimate goal of certification is to instill confidence in all parties that a management program meets specified requirements. Certification is a level of public trust and confidence that has been established by an independent and competent third party.

Both business analysts, as well as business owners, can attest to the many benefits of ISO 9000 certification. These benefits can have a significant impact on almost all areas of a company. They range from higher stature to operational savings.

  • Increased marketability–Nearly all observers agree that ISO 9000 registration provides businesses with markedly heightened credibility with current and prospective clients alike. It shows that the company is committed to providing quality services to customers. This is an advantage for any company whether they are trying to win a new customer or a long-standing customer. This benefits not only increase customer retention but also increases customer acquisition and allows for greater access to new markets. In fact, ISO 9000 registration is cited as a particularly valuable tool for small and medium-sized businesses looking to establish a presence on international markets.
  • Lower operational costs–Sometimes it is overlooked in the many discussions about ISO 9000’s public relation cache. The rigorous registration process often uncovers significant deficiencies in different operational areas. These problems can be brought to the attention of the company and they can then take steps to improve their processes. Companies can save time and money by implementing these efficiencies. The discipline of ISO 9000 significantly reduces scrap, rework and returns costs, as well as the time and effort of employees analyzing and troubleshooting products.
  • Management control is improved – The ISO 9000 registration process involves so many documentation and self-assessment, that many businesses who go through it cite increased understanding of their company’s overall direction as well as its processes.
  • Customer satisfaction is increased–The ISO 9000 certification process nearly always uncovers areas where final product quality could be improved. This often leads to higher customer satisfaction. Companies can also offer their clients the chance to highlight their suppliers’ commitment to quality by securing ISO 9000 Certification.
  • Improved internal communication – The ISO 9000 certification process emphasizes self-analysis as well as operations management issues. This encourages different departments or areas of companies to interact in the hopes of better understanding their customers’ needs.
  • Customer service improvements – Often, the process of ISO 9000 registration helps companies refocus their priorities on pleasing customers in all aspects. This also raises awareness among employees about quality issues.
  • Reduced product-liability risk–Many business professionals believe that companies that have achieved ISO 9000 certification are less likely be sued for product liability.
  • Attractiveness to investors – Both small business owners and consultants agree that ISO-9000 certification is a powerful tool for securing venture capital funding.
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ISO Certification’s Disadvantages

Although ISO 9000 certification has many benefits, consultants and business owners warn companies that they should research the process thoroughly before investing resources. Before committing to an initiative to obtain ISO 9000 certification, entrepreneurs should be aware of the potential obstacles.

  • Managers and owners don’t have a sufficient understanding of ISO 9000 certification or the quality standards. Business owners are known to have directed their resources towards ISO 9000 registration only to discover that they have no understanding of the process.
  • It is difficult to raise funds for the establishment of a quality system. ISO 9000 critics claim that certification can be very expensive, particularly for small businesses.
  • Documentation is a key component of ISO 9000 certification. This certification process requires documentation in many areas. Quality management experts also stated that ISO’s stringent documentation requirements eat up time. There are many horror stories of companies losing significant business due to a document obsession. Nation’s Business sayssmall-business owners must find the right balance between ISO documentation requirements (which are admittedly “one of ISO 9000’s hallmarks”) and attending to the core business of running a business: “Strike a compromise among obsessively writing every employee’s task down, offering training for that work, and letting commonsense dictate how a task should be done.”
  • The length of the process–Business owners and executives who are familiar with the ISO 9000 registration process say it takes several months to complete. According to the 1996 Quality Systems Updatesurvey, it took businesses on average 15 months to get from the beginning to the final audit. However, these processes can take up to 18-20 months.

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