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Indian/Bharat Rivers Map
There are nine rivers that are important in India: The Ganges (a tributary to Ganges), Yamuna (a tributary to Ganges), Brahmaputra and Mahanadi.
Godavari, Krishna and Mahanadi are the major east-flowing river systems. Major West-flowing rivers are Tapti and Narmada. The Godavari, located in the southern Peninsula, is the second-largest river basin and covers 10 percent of India’s area.
River system is the term for the river and its tributaries.
The Indian River system can be divided into two types based on where they originate: the Himalayan Rivers or Peninsular Rivers.
As the name implies, the Himalayan rivers originate in the Himalayas and run through the Northern Plains.
These are the major Himalayan River Systems
- The Indus River System
- The Ganga River System
- The Yamuna River System
- The Brahmaputra River Systems
The Western Ghats are the main source of Peninsular River System and Peninsular Drainage. These rivers flow eastwards towards the Bay of Bengal, or to the Arabian Sea towards west. The Peninsular Rivers are essentially ‘rain-fed rivers.
These are the major peninsular River Systems:
They flow eastwards onto the plateau, and drain into the Bay of Bengal.
These rivers are not glacier-fed, but they do originate from rain. These rivers can dry up or reduce in size during summers.
THE HIMALAYAN RIVERS
In the mythological texts and early Hindu Scriptures, there is a reference to Indus River/Sindhu River. It is also known as the ‘Puranik river’. It originates in Tibet, near Mansarovar Lake. It flows westwards and enters India at Jammu and Kashmir. It flows further westwards to reach the Arabian Sea, near Karachi. The country’s largest river, the Indus, flows through Pakistan. Its Indian tributaries include Zanskar and Nubra in India, Shyok in Pakistan, and Hunza and Nubra in India. Its other tributaries include Sutlej and Ravi, Beas Chenab, Chenab, Chenab, and Jhelum, after which the state is called Punjab.
Ganga River System
Ganga (Ganges River) is India’s largest river system. It is formed by the Gangotri glaciers. To form River Ganga, the Bhagirathi upstream joins the Alaknanda stream at Devprayag. Ganga has tributaries along both banks. Its right bank tributaries include the Yamuna, which is a major river, and Son. Some left bank tributaries include Ghaghara Gandak Gandak and Kosi. The Ganges flows through the Indian states of Uttarakhand (Uttar Pradesh), Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and West Bengal. Finally, it reaches the Bay of Bengal.
Yamuna River System
The Yamuna River is one of the major rivers in Northern India. It rises at Yamnotri, and flows through Uttrakhand and Uttar Pradesh. It flows through Delhi, Mathura and Agra, and then joins the Ganga at Allahabad by the rivers Chambal and Betwa. The major tributaries to Yamuna include Tons, Chambal and Hindon, Betwa, Ken, and Betwa.
Brahmaputra River System
One of India’s major rivers, the Brahmaputra originates from the Angsi Glacier in Tibet, Himalayas. It is also known as the Tsangpo River. It flows into India through Arunachal Pradesh, and is known as the Dihang River. It flows through Assam and eventually enters Bangladesh before it joins many other tributaries, including the Lohit, Dibang and Kenula. The Brahmaputra is the largest river in India.
THE PENINSULAR RIVERS
Mahanadi, a major river in East central India, is one of the most important. It flows through Orissa (Odisha) and its main source is in the Sihava Mountains of Chhattisgarh. This river deposits the most silt in India than any other river. Mahanadi flows through the cities of Sambalpur and Cuttack, as well as Banki.
The Godavari River is the longest river in India, after the Ganga. It flows from Triambakeshwar, Maharashtra to the Bay of Bengal. The river, along with its tributaries (Pravara (Odisha), Maner Sabri, Maner Sabri, Maner Sabri, etc.), passes through Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh. The river is known as Dakshina Ganga because of its long course.
With a length of approximately 1,300km, the Krishna is India’s third longest river. It originates in Maharashtra’s Mahabaleshwar area and flows through Karnataka to Telangana before finally reaching the Bay of Bengal.
The Kaveri (Cauvery), a major river of Southern India, originates in Kogadu in Karnataka as a spring at Brahmagiri Hills at Talakaveri. It is also known as the Ganges of the South and one of the most sacred rivers in South India. As many tributaries as possible, such as Hemavati River, Moyari and Shimsha rivers, Arkavati river, Honnuhole river, Kabini, Bhavani and Noyill join it, Kaveri River becomes wider. It snakes about 800 km across three states: Tamilnadu (Karnataka), Kerala (Tamilnadu) and ends at the Bay of Bengal.
Narmada, Tapi or Tapti
Only two major rivers flow into the Arabian Sea: the Narmada or Tapti. The length of the Narmada, which flows through Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, is 1,312km. The origin of Narmada is at Shahdol in Madhya Pradesh. Narmada flows mainly through Central India from the east to the west, merging into Arabian Sea.
The Tapti flows parallel to the South of Narmada and passes through Maharashtra, Gujarat, and on to the Gulf of Khambhat. Its three main tributaries include Girna, Purna, and Panjhra.
Nearly all major Indian cities are located on the banks its rivers. Indian rivers play an important role in Indian people’s lives, both economically and culturally. Indian agriculture depends on the irrigation of water from its rivers. River banks are where most of India’s religious, cultural, and harvest festivals take place. Rivers are sacred to Hindu religion, as well as its mythology. India has nine major rivers: The Ganges (a tributary to Ganges), Yamuna (a tributary to Ganges), Brahmaputra and Mahanadi. Indian soil is also covered by parts of the Indus River.
The River System of India is made up of eight important rivers and their tributaries. The majority of rivers drain their water into the Bay of Bengal, but some rivers that run through the west end of India and flow in the direction of east eventually reach the Arabian Sea. Inland drainage is a phenomenon that occurs in the northern portions of the Aravalli range and portions of Ladakh. It also affects the Thar Desert’s barren areas. This refers to drainage in which rivers drain their water into a lake or inland sea, but not an ocean or sea.
River Systems of India
|Name||Length in kilometers||Zone||Originates from||Ends in||Places Benefited|
|Indus||3180/ 1114 India||3,21,289 Sq.Km||Tibet, northern slopes Mount Kailash||Arabian sea||India and Pakistan|
|Ganga (Bhagirathi)||2525||1.08 Million Sq.Km.||Gangotri in Uttrakhand||Bay of Bengal||Uttar Pradesh, Uttrakhand, Bihar, West Bengal|
|Yamuna (Jamuna)||1376||366223 Sq.Km.||Yamunotri in Garhwall||Bay of Bengal||Delhi, Haryana, and UP|
|Brahmaputra||916 – In India||4413 Sq.Km. – in India||Angsi glacier, Tibet||Bay of Bengal||Assam, Arunachal Pradesh|
|Kaveri (Dakshina Ganga, Ganges of South)||765||81155 Sq.Km.||Brahmagiri hills, Kogadu (Karnataka).||Bay of Bengal||Karnataka & Tamil Nadu|
|Godavari||1465||3,12,812 Sq.Km.||Triambakeshwar, Maharashtra||Bay of Bengal||South-eastern region of Andhra Pradesh|
|Krishna||1400||258948 Sq.Km.||Mahabaleshwar Maharashtra||Bay of Bengal||Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh|
|Narmada||1312||98,796 Sq.Km||Amarkantak in Madhya Pradesh||Arabian Sea||Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh|
|Tapti||724||65,300 Sq.Km||Betul District in Madhya Pradesh, Satpura Range||Arabian Sea||Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh|
|Mahanadi||858||1,41,600 Sq.Km.||Sihava mountains in Chhattisgarh||Bay of Bengal||Jharkhand. Chhattisgarh. Orissa|
|Vaigai||258||7,741 Sq.Km.||Varusanadu Hills||Bay of Bengal||Madurai in Tamil Nadu|
|Periyar||244||5,398 Sq.Km||Sivagiri is a peak in Sundaramala Tamil Nadu.||Bay of Bengal||Tamil Nadu and Kerala|
|Thamirabarani||185||4,400 Sq.Km||Agastyarkoodam peak in the Pothigai hills, Western Ghats||Gulf of Mannar||Tamil Nadu|