India States Capitals, CM and Governors List 2021 PDF

PDF NameIndia States Capitals, CM and Governors List 2021
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Published/UpdatedJuly 10, 2021
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Chief Ministers (CM).Chief Ministers of India are usually elected for a term of five years, but there is no limit on the number of terms a person may serve as CM.

The Gazette of India 2019, which was implemented on October 31, 2019, shows that India has 28 States, 8 Union Territories, 31 Chief Ministers in India and 3 Union territories Jammu & Kashmir and Delhi. There are also 28 States, 28 States, and 28 Union Territories.

The President of India appoints the governors. The Governors of the states are appointed, while the Lieutenant Governors for Union Territories are appointed. The term for governors and lieutenant Governors is five years. Some union territories may have administrators, but this is an exception. To become a governor in India, there are some eligibility requirements.

  • The applicant must be an Indian citizen.
  • Minimum age: 35 years
  • The person cannot be a Member or a member of the legislative Assembly (MLA)
  • He should not be in any office of profit.
StateCapitalGovernorChief Minister
Andhra PradeshAmaravatiBiswabhushan HarichandanY. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy
Arunachal PradeshItanagarBrigadier B.D Mishra (Retd)Pema Khandu
AssamDispurJagdish MukhiHimanta Biswa Sarma
BiharPatnaPhagu ChauhanNitish Kumar
ChhattisgarhNaya Raipur/BilaspurAnusuiya UikeyBhupesh Bhagel
GoaPanajiPS Sreedharan PillaiPramod Sawant
GujaratGandhinagarAcharya DevvratVijay Rupani
HaryanaChandigarhBandaru DattatreyaManohar Lal Khattar
Himachal PradeshShimlaRajendra Vishwanath ArlekarJai Ram Thakur
JharkhandRanchiRamesh BaisHemant Soren
KarnatakaBengaluruThawar Chand GehlotB. S. Yediyurappa
KeralaThiruvananthapuramArif Mohammed KhanPinarayi Vijayan
Madhya PradeshBhopalMangubhai Chaganbhai PatelShivraj Singh Chouhan
MaharashtraMumbaiBhagat Singh KoshyariUddhav Thackeray
ManipurImphalNajma HeptullaN. Biren Singh
MeghalayaShillongSatya Pal MalikConrad Kongkal Sangma
MizoramAizwalHari Babu KambhampatiZoramthanga
NagalandKohimaR. N RaviNeiphiu Rio
OdishaBhubaneshwarProf. Ganeshi Lal MathurNaveen Patnaik
PunjabChandigarhVP Singh BadnoreCaptain Amrinder Singh
RajasthanJaipurKalraj MishraAshok Gehlot
SikkimGangtokGanga PrasadPrem Singh Tamang
Tamil NaduChennaiBanwarilal PurohitM. K. Stalin
TelanganaHyderabadDr Tamilisai SoundararajanK. Chandrashekhar Rao
TripuraAgartalaSatyadev Narayan AryaBiplab Kumar Deb
Uttar PradeshLucknowAnandiben PatelYogi Adityanath
UttarakhandDehradunBaby Rani MauryaTirath Singh Rawat
West BengalKolkataJagdeep DhankarMamata Banerjee

List of Union territory with their Capital and LG/Administrator

Union TerritoryCapitalGovernor
Andaman & NicobarPort BlairShri. Devendra Kumar Joshi (Lieutenant Governor)
ChandigarhChandigarhShri. V.P. Singh Badnore (Administrator)
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and DiuDamanShri Praful Patel (Administrator)
Delhi (National capital Territory of Delhi)New DelhiShri Anil Baijal (Lieutenant Governor)
Chief Minister: Arvind Kejriwal
Jammu and KashmirSrinagar (May-October) Jammu (November-April)Shri Manoj Sinha (Lieutenant Governor)
LakshadweepKavarattiShri Praful Patel (Administrator)
PuducherryPuducherryDr. Tamilisai Soundararajan (Addl. Charge) (Lieutenant Governor)
Chief Minister: N. Rangaswamy
LadakhLehShri Radha Krishna Mathur (Lieutenant Governor)

The Chief Minister of a State in India (With his Powers)

The power and position of the Chief Minister of a state is almost identical to his counterpart in the Central Cabinet. He can be described as “the keystone of cabinet-arch”, “a Moon among the lesser stars”, or “a sun around whom other Ministers revolvelike planets” and he is also central to the demise of the Council of Ministers.

There have been more disagreements between the Chief Minister and the Ministers in the States than there has been at the Centre. According to this, a Chief Minister has ample opportunities to speak out against the Ministers. The Chief Minister had made the Ministers quit or they had yielded to him.

The Governor appoints the CM, while the Governor appoints the other Ministers on his advice. The Governor summons the Chief Minister to be the leader of either the majority or coalition party. The CM must seek a vote of confidence at the House in the latter case.

After the withdrawal of BSP’s support, the ex-Chief minister of UP Kalyan S was asked to ask for a vote of confidence from the House. He won the Vote for Confidence. The Governor can also remove the CM if he loses confidence in the House or is deserted from by a coalition partner, as happened in Uttar Pradesh in recent years.

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S.R. In S.R. The assessment of the strength and stability of a Ministry is therefore not an issue of private opinion, or of any individual, be they the Governor or President. A Chief Minister who loses the confidence of the majority due to desertions can resign, as Arjun Munda did in Jharkhand on September 14, 2006.

His Powers

His powers in relation to his Council of Ministers is the same as the Prime Minister of India’s vis-a -vis his Council of Ministers.

(i) He is the Chief of Council and preside at meetings. He decides which matters should be presented to the Council for discussion.

(iii) He is the creator/Council of Ministers.

(iii). He can divide portfolios and reshuffle them.

(iv) He will make the Council of Ministers function as a team. He has the ability to coordinate and supervise all departments.

(v)He is the leader of the legislature and can get any legislation within the jurisdiction of the State legislature passed. He can also levy any taxes and vote on any supplies. He has the authority to recommend to the Governor that the legislative assembly be disbanded. Because he is a constitutional ruler the Governor usually acts on his advice and dissolves it.

(vi)He acts as the link between the Governor and his Council of Ministers. He will communicate with the Governor all decisions made by the ministers as well as any other information regarding State administration that the Governor may require.

(viii) As the State Government’s principal spokesperson and majority party/coalition in the office, his statements and assurances will be deemed authoritative and binding.

(viii). Although some important appointments, such as that of Advocate General or members of State Public Service Commission, are in the hands of the Governor; he nevertheless exercises significant influence over these appointments.

(ix) If the Governor so wishes, he may submit to the Council of Ministers all matters on which a minister can take a decision in lieu of consulting the Cabinet. Once such a matter has been approved by the Council, it is binding for the Governor. This is what will happen if a state has a Council of Ministers. A minister cannot make a decision about any important matter of policy unless the Council of Ministers is homogeneous.

(x) He represents the state in the Chief Ministers conferences, which are convened annually by the Central leaders to discuss matters of supreme importance. The Chief Minister is, in all practical terms, a key position within the Council of ministers. He is the leader of Cabinet members and not their boss. His dynamic personality, administrative acumen and political connections with the High Command of Party depend on how assertive he is and whether he can make his will prevail.

Governors’ Powers and Authority


All governors are elected by the people and serve as chief executive officers in the 50 states and five commonwealths.

Governors, as state managers, are responsible for implementing state laws. They also oversee the operation of the executive branch. Governors are state leaders and can pursue and implement new policies and programs. They use a variety of tools including executive orders, executive budgets and legislative proposals and/or vetoes.

With the help and support of many department and agency heads, governors can carry out their leadership and management responsibilities. The majority of governors are authorized to appoint judges for state courts. This is usually done from a list submitted by a nominations panel.

Governors share many responsibilities and roles. However, the extent of gubernatorial power in each state is different according to state constitutions, legislation and tradition. Political historians and other observers of state politics often rank governors based on the extent and number of their powers. These are some possible ranking factors.

  • Qualifications and tenure
  • Legislative–including budget and veto–authority
  • Appointment sovereignty

While not necessarily a ranking factor in a state’s government, the power of issuing executive orders or taking emergency action is a significant gubernatorial responsibility. This varies from one state to another.

Qualifications and Tenure


The minimum age requirements for U.S. citizenship and residency requirements for candidates and holders of office in gubernatorial positions and states vary between the commonwealths and territories. Governors must be at least 35 years old to become governors. Gubernatorial candidates must have U.S. citizenship. This requirement can be from zero to 20 years. The requirements for state residency range from no formal provision up to 7 years.

Limitations on the Term

The terms of governors are for four years in all states, territories, and commonwealths, except New Hampshire and Vermont which have two-year terms. With the exception of Virginia, all governors can succeed themselves. However, they may not be able to serve a limited number of consecutive terms or complete terms.

For state by state information on gubernatorial qualifications, see “The Governors: Qualifications for Office“(Table 4.2, The Book of the States 2019, source: The Council of State Governments).

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You can find state-by-state information about gubernatorial term limits at NGA’s Current Governors, Party and Terms in Office and “Constitutional & Statutory Provisions to Number of Consecutive Terms of Elected State Officers” (Table. 4.9, The Book of the States 2019, source : The Council of State Governments).


The lieutenant Governor is the designated official to succeed the governor in 49 states or territories in the event of a vacancy. In two of these, Tennessee and West Virginia, the president/speaker and lieutenant governor of both the Senate and Senate are the same. The secretary of state, leader of the Senate and governor of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico are the other officials who will succeed the governor in the five remaining states.

For state by state information on succession, see “The Governors” (Table 4.1, The Book of the States 2019, source: The Council of State Governments). See the Appointment power section for more information about lieutenant governors, and other executive branch officials.


Except for Oregon, all states allow the impeachment or removal of governors. The impeachment procedure works in the same way as the federal government. It starts with the lower legislature, and the trial takes place by the upper legislature in all states except Alaska, where the process is reversed and Nebraska, which has its unicameral legislature, charged with the entire impeachment process. In most cases, the majority of members is required to impeach, while conviction usually requires a two thirds or other special majority.

The lieutenant governor is the acting governor in most states if a governor is impeached. For state by state information on impeachment, see “Impeachment Provisions in the States” (Table 4.8, The Book of the States 2019, source: The Council of State Governments). See the Appointment Power section for more information about lieutenant governors.

Legislative Role

In relation to state legislatures, governors have two main roles. They may be authorized to call special legislative sessions provided that they are aware of the purpose and the agenda. The second, and most familiar, is that governors coordinate with state legislatures and work in:

  • Approval of the state budgets;
  • enactment state legislation
  • Confirmation of executive and judicial nominations;
  • Legislative oversight of executive branch functions

Approval of State Budgets and Appropriations

The governor submits budgets to the legislature for approval. Governors in many states, territories, and commonwealths have the “reduction” power, also known as “line-item”, which allows them to veto appropriations they disagree with. These tools enable governors and budget staff to play an important role in setting priorities for state resource use. For state by state information on gubernatorial budget making and line-item veto power, see “The Governors: Powers” (Table 4.4, The Book of the States 2019, source: The Council of State Governments).

Enactment Of Legislation

Many governors use the State of the State messages as a way to present their legislative plans. Governors also prepare specific legislative proposals that can be submitted on their behalf. Additionally, state agencies and departments may seek gubernatorial approval for legislative initiatives. Legislative proposals are often presented to the executive branch. Governors and other leaders of the executive branch will try to rally public opinion and support for specific legislative proposals. Governors can use their position as party leaders to encourage support of legislative initiatives. They may also seek to influence legislation’s progress through regular meetings with legislative officials and department heads.

Veto Power

Each state governor has the power to veto entire legislative measures. A bill can become law in a majority of states if it is not vetoed within a certain number of days. This number varies from state to state. A smaller number of states have a pocket veto that prevents bills from becoming law (death by veto). This applies even if the bill is signed in writing by the governor within a certain time period. There are other types of vetoes that the governors can use. These include “line-item”, which allows a governor to strike a general section of legislation, “reduction,” which allows a governor to delete a budget item and “amendatory”, which allows a governor to revise legislation. Legislatives can override vetoes by a supermajority vote.

You can find state-by-state information on veto power in “The Governors,” (Table 4.4, The Book of the States 2019, Source: The Council of State Governments), and “Enacting Legislation : Veto, Veto override, and Effective Date” (Table.3.16, The Book of the States 2019, Source: The Council of State Governments).

Confirmation of Appointments

Legislative confirmation is required for many gubernatorial positions. Additional information is available in the Appointment Power section as well as “Selected State Administration Officials: Methods of Selection” (Table 4.10 of The Book of the States 2019, source : The Council of State Governments).

Legislative Oversight

Governors work with their legislatures in order to ensure that their priorities and goals are clearly presented and received by the legislatures during oversight hearings or other legislative activities that examine and evaluate executive branch implementations of legislatively mandated programs.

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Appointment power

Overview of Gubernatorial Appointments

The majority of governors have the broad authority to nominate state officials for state executive branch positions. Many of these will be part the governor’s advisory panel, also known as the “cabinet”. Governors might also be authorized to make state judgeship appointments. These appointments must be confirmed by either one or both of the state legislatures. Although these appointments are often pro forma, legislatures can use the confirmation process to increase their influence over governors and their policies. Before making formal nominations, many governors meet with legislators.

See “Selected State Administrative Officers: Methods of Selection” for state-by-state information about the selection of state officials (Table 4.10 in The Book of the States 2019, source : The Council of State Governments).

Boards and Commissions

There are many roles that boards and commissions play depending on the state and program. In some states, appointed boards are the ones responsible for determining the heads of departments and agencies. While this is especially true in education, boards are still responsible for many other programs such as transportation, health, and human services.

The governor may nominate or name members of these boards in many states. In many cases, the governor nominates or names members of these boards. Board members must be confirmed by either one or both of the houses of parliament.

Other boards have advisory or regulatory roles that are more restricted. Most states have boards that oversee licensing and regulation for many professions and business sectors. They also advise the governor in other states on important areas such as the environment or economic development.

Although the focus of government efficiency initiatives and government reorganization initiatives is on the consolidation and elimination of boards and committees, they continue to play an important role in state government. They provide opportunities to address special interests and reward political supporters.

Individually Selected Executive Branch Positions

Many states allow for the selection of executive branch positions by themselves. These positions include secretary of state, lieutenant governor and treasurer.

The majority of states have a lieutenant governor. This position is filled most often by popular statewide elections and together with the governor. However, in some cases, the state law may assign the lieutenant Governor to another position in the executive or legislative branches (e.g. secretary of state, leader of the Senate). In the majority of states the positions of secretary, attorney general, treasurer and treasurer are subject to statewide popular elections. At least one of these three positions is elected in all the other states.

The governor generally has limited authority to appoint state comptrollers or pre- and post-audit department heads. The governor’s power to appoint the heads of state education or higher education agencies is also limited. The education department head is independently elected statewide in 14 states and is appointed–independent of gubernatorial approval–by a board or agency head in 20 states and two territories. A board appointed the head of higher education in most states and territories without requiring gubernatorial approval.

Many states allow for the statewide selection of one or more additional department heads. These include public utility regulators, heads of labor and agriculture departments, as well as the heads of natural resources and natural resource departments.

Other statewide elected positions, like governors, may be subjected to citizenship and age requirements as well as term limits.

You can find state-by-state data about the election of governors or lieutenant governors in “The Governors” (Table 4.1, The Book of the States 2019; source: The Council of State Governments).

See “Selected State Administrative Officers: Methods of Selection” for state-by-state information about the selection of state officials (Table 4.10 The Book of the States 2019 source: The Council of State Governments).

See “Constitutional & Statutory Provisions regarding Number of Consecutive Terms of Elected State Officers” for information by state (Table 4.9, Source: The Council of State Governments).


The nation’s governors serve as advisory councils through the state cabinet. They are generally made up of top-ranking staff from the governor’s immediate offices and officials who have been appointed by the governor to head state agencies and departments. The cabinet serves two functions in most states.

  • The governor is consulted on the development and implementation of policies.
  • It serves as a platform for the governor and senior staff to communicate priorities to gubernatorial nominees and address cross-agency concerns or issues.

Governors in many states have established sub-cabinets that bring together agencies to address problems such as those affecting children.

All forty-four states, as well as all commonwealths and territories, have cabinets or sub-cabinets. Cabinets can have their origins in law, tradition and/or at the governor’s option. The governor may choose to select cabinet members or appoint them to specific offices. The size of the cabinet, the frequency of cabinet meetings, formality, and extent to which a governor uses the cabinet for advice or assistance, vary among states, commonwealths and territories.

You can find state-by-state information about cabinets in “State Cabinet Systems” (Table.4.6, The Book of the States 2019,, source : The Council of State Governments).

Executive Orders

Governors have the power to issue executive orders. This authority is contained in state constitutions, statutes, and case law. It is also implied by the powers given to state chief executives. Executive orders can be used by governors for a variety purposes. Some of these orders are subject to legislative review in certain states.

  • In the event of an emergency, you can activate emergency powers in order to respond immediately to natural disasters or energy crises.
  • Create advisory, coordinating or study commissions or committees;
  • Management and administrative issues like regulatory reform, environmental impacts, hiring freezes and discrimination are all addressed.

You can find state-by-state information about the power of governors of executive orders at “Gubernatorial Executive Orders: Authorizations, Provisions and Procedures” (Table. 4.5, 2019 Source: The Council of State Governments).

Notifications for Emergencies

Governors, as chief executives, are responsible for making sure their state is prepared for all kinds of emergencies and natural disasters. Most disasters and emergencies are dealt with at the local level. They rarely require a declaration of disaster by the president or media attention. Governors need to be prepared for everyday events such as tornadoes, floods and power outages. They also need to be ready for disasters like Hurricane Katrina or September 11 terrorist attacks. The four stages of emergency or disaster management are what the states focus on:

  • Prepare
  • Prevent
  • Respond
  • Recover

These components provide a framework for thinking about the cycles of disasters, emergencies, and organizing recommendations for state actions. The governor plays an important role during an emergency communication with the public, giving advice and providing instructions, and maintaining calm.

The state emergency management laws typically define the procedures a governor can use to declare or end a state emergency. Sometimes, the state or local governments cannot provide the required response to a disaster. A state can petition the President for a declaration of a major catastrophe. A variety of federal programs are activated when a major disaster is declared, depending on the extent of the catastrophe and the nature of the losses sustained.

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