The Most 3 Types of Education | Formal, Informal, Non-formal-pkdeveloper

Education is a gradual process which brings positive changes in human life and behavior. We can also define education as “a process of acquiring knowledge through study or imparting the knowledge by way of instructions or some other practical procedure”.

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Types of Education

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Published/Updated February 13, 2022
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Ramji vishwakarma

What is education?

Education brings a natural and lasting change in an individual’s reasoning and ability to achieve the targeted goal. It allows us to examine our thoughts and ideas and makes them ready to express them in various forms.

Education is the main thing that encourages us to distinguish between right and wrong because in the absence of education, we can’t do what we need or we can’t achieve our goal. 

We can easily say, “education is the passage to progress”. It is additionally the way to our fate as achievements can only be accomplished when individuals have information, aptitudes, and frame of mind. Education is like a medium through the which we can interact with other people and offer our thoughts.

To tackle problems and be creative, you must first be proficient in some essential skills. To be more creative, we need to be able to learn and improve our abilities. Education is the fundamental learning of skills and ideas that can help us become more innovative and problem solvers. Education is the ability to think critically and solve problems in order for lawful purposes.

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Education also means helping people to learn how to do things and encouraging them to think about what they learn.

Teachers must also teach how to find and use information. Education is the way that knowledge about society, countries, and the world can be passed from generation to generation.

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Children and adults in democracies are expected to learn how to become active and productive citizens through education.

Education helps individuals transform from one class to the next. Education empowers individuals, societies, and countries to grow.

Types of Education

Education goes beyond what takes places within the four walls of the classroom. A child gets the education from his experiences outside the school as well as from those within on the basis of these factors. There are There are three main types of educationThere are three types: Formal, Informal, and Non-formal. Below is a discussion of each type.

Formal Education

Formal education or formal training usually takes place in the premises of the school, where a person may learn basic, academic, or trade skills. Although small children may attend a nursery or kindergarten, formal education often begins in elementary school and continues through secondary school.

Post-secondary education (or higher learning) is typically at a college or university that may offer an academic degree. It is usually associated with a specific stage and is provided according to a set of rules. 

Teachers who are specially qualified in the art of teaching provide formal education. It also observes strict discipline. The student and the teacher both are aware of the facts and engage themselves in the process of education.

Examples of formal education

  • Learning in a classroom
  • School grading/certification, college,  and university degrees
  • Planned education in different subjects with a proper syllabus that has been acquired by attending the institution.

What are the characteristics of formal education?

  • Formal education is organized hierarchically.
  • It is planned and deliberate.
  • Scheduled fees are paid regularly.
  • It has a chronological system of grading.
  • It has a syllabus and subject-oriented. The syllabus must be covered in a given time.
  • The teachers teach the child

Benefits of formal education

  • A well-organized educational model and up-to-date course contents.
  • Professional teachers are available to students.
  • Structured and systematic learning.
  • Intermediate and final assessments are ensured to advance students to the next learning phase.
  • Institutions are physically and managerially organized.
  • Leads to a formal recognized certificate.
  • It is easy to get a job.

Disadvantages of formal education:            

  • Sometimes, brilliant students are bored due to the long wait for the expiry of the academic session to promote to the next stage
  • Chance of bad habits’ adoption may be alarming due to the presence of both good and bad students in the classroom
  • It is possible to waste time because some students may not learn properly despite the efforts of professional trainers.
  • Students may feel disappointed by formal education if they are not provided with a standard education.
  • Education can be expensive and rigid when compared to other learning methods
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Informal Education

Informal education may be a parent teaching a child how to prepare a meal or ride a bicycle.

You can also read many books from a library and educational websites to get an informal education.

Informal education is not when you study in a school and don’t use any particular learning method. This type of education does not require conscious effort. It is not pre-planned or deliberate. It can be learned in a hotel, at home, or at a marketplace.

Unlike formal education, informal education is not imparted by an institution such as school or college. Informal education is not provided according to a fixed schedule. There is no prescribed curriculum. Informal education includes experiences and living in the home or community.

Examples of informal education

  • Teach the child basics, such as numbers and characters.
  • Someone who is learning his/her mother tongue
  • A spontaneous type of learning, “if a person standing in a bank learns about opening and maintaining the account at the bank from someone.”

Characteristics and characteristics of informal education

  • It is independent of boundary walls.
  • It has no definite syllabus.
  • It is not pre-planned or has a timetable.
  • We receive informal education through everyday experience and learning new things.
  • It is a natural process that lasts a lifetime.
  • There are no degrees or certificates required. One does not have to stress about learning new things.
  • You can get any information you want, including media, life experiences, friends and family, as well as from media.

Advantages of informal education

  • More naturally learning process as you can learn at anywhere and at any time from your daily experience.
  • It involves activities such as individual and personal research on a topic that interests them using books, libraries, social networks, internet, or informal trainers.
  • Uses a variety techniques.
  • There is no specific time period.
  • Learning is less expensive and more efficient.
  • It is not necessary to hire experts. Many professionals may be willing and able to share their valuable knowledge with students/publics via social media.
  • The information can be accessed by learners through books, TV, radio, or conversations with friends/family members.
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Disadvantages to Informal Education     

  • Disinformation can be derived from information obtained via the internet, social media, radio, or conversations with family members/friends.
  • Some techniques may not be suitable.
  • No proper schedule/time span.
  • Unpredictable results are simply the result if you don’t pay attention.
  • Insufficient confidence in the learner
  • Discipline, attitude, and good habits are not important.

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Non-formal Education

Non-formal education includes adult basic education, adult literacy education or school equivalency preparation.

A person who is not in school can learn literacy, basic skills and job skills through nonformal education.

Other options include distance learning, computer-assisted instruction, personalized instruction (such as programed learning), and home education. 

Non-formal education should be taught in a conscious and deliberate manner and systematically implemented. It should be geared towards a homogeneous audience. Programming education that is non-formal should be tailored to meet the needs and interests of the identified group. Flexibility in curriculum design and evaluation is essential.

Examples of non-formal Education

  • Boy Scouts and Girls Guides develop some sports program such as swimming comes under nonformal education.
  • Fitness programs
  • Adult education courses in the community
  • An organization may offer free courses in adult education.

Characteristics and characteristics of non-formal Education

  • The non-formal education is planned and takes places apart from the school system.
  • You can adjust the timetable and syllabus.
  • It is not a formal education but a practical and vocational education.
  • Nonformal education does not have an age limit
  • Certificates and fees may be required.
  • You can learn full-time or part-time, and you can earn and share your knowledge.
  • It involves the acquisition of professional skills.

Benefits of non-formal education

  • Practical and vocational training.
  • Naturally growing minds that don’t wait for the system change to work.
  • Literacy and skillfulness growth, in which self-learning can be appreciated.
  • Flexibility in time, age, and curriculum.
  • An open-ended educational system that both the public sector and the private sector can participate in.
  • There is no need to take regular exams.
  • Not necessary to be awarded a diploma or certificate.

Advantages of non-formal education

  • Participation is not steady.
  • Sometimes, it’s just wastage of time as there is no need to conduct the exam on regular basis and no degree/diploma is awarded at the end of the training session.
  • It is important to have basic reading and writing skills.
  • No teachers who are qualified and certified.
  • Students may not feel the same confidence as regular students.
  • For the sake of earning, some institutes offer fake certification through online courses.

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