full form of RMS

Railway Mail Service (RMS), a mail transport and distribution system, is part of India’s Department of Posts (DoP). RMS is responsible to sort and despatch all mail transported by rail.

From the mid-19th to the middle of the 20th century, the United States Postal Service’s Railway Mail Service served as a major mail transport service. From the 1890s to the 1960s, the majority of mail and packages sent in the United States was carried by the RMS or its successor, the Postal Transportation Service (PTS).

George B. Armstrong, manager of the Chicago Post Office, is generally credited with being the founder of the concept of en route mail sorting aboard trains which became the Railway Mail Service. Prior to Armstrong’s involvement, mail was carried in lockable pouches on trains. However, there wasn’t an organized system for sorting mail en route to their destinations. The RPO Section of the Pioneer Zephyr

Armstrong asked for the idea and on August 28, 1864, the Chicago and North Western Railway opened the first railway post office (RPO).

The Railway Mail Service officially opened in 1869. By that time, the system had grown to include almost all major railroads in the United States. Six operating divisions were formed. Each division had a superintendent, which was under the control of George B. Armstrong. Armstrong had been summoned to Chicago. Title=”Washington, D.C.”>Washington, D.C. in order to become the general superintendent of postal railway service. Armstrong was general superintendent for only two years before his death from failing health. Two days after his resignation, he died in Chicago on May 5,1871.

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Armstrong’s successor in Chicago, George Bangs, was appointed as the second general superintendent of the postal railway service. Bangs advocated the use of fast mail trains. These trains are entirely made of mail cars and travel on expedited schedules to meet the needs of Post Office, rather than those of the traveling public.

Railway Mail Service (remember the “RMS”, in the obliterator). Postal cancellation

In 1890, 5800 postal railway clerks served more than 154,800 miles (249.100 km) of railroad. Over 14,000 clerks had provided service for more than 203,000 miles (327,100 km) of railroad by 1907. When the post office began handling parcel post in 1913, terminal Railway Post Office operations were established in major cities by the RMS to handle the large increase in mail volume. In the 1920s, the Railway Mail Service was at its peak. Then began a decline in service with RPO on branch lines and secondary roads. The Highway Post Office (HPO), which was established after the dissolution of some railway post offices, was used to continue route sorting. The Railway Mail Service was renamed the Postal Transportation Service as highway mail transport became more common.

The abandonment of routes increased in the 1950s and 1960s. Many lines that remained were closed in 1967. The last HPO route was the Cleveland-Cincinnati highway post office. It closed on June 30, 1974. The last railway post office between New York City and Cincinnati was closed. Title=”Washington, D.C.”>Washington, D.C., June 30, 1977.

The Loop Station Post Office’s north side displays a large bust and monument honoring Armstrong.

The Pioneer Zephyr, a restored RPO car, is on display at Chicago’s Museum of Science and Industry.


The restored AT&SF Railway #74 RPO vehicle from 1927 is on display at the Pacific Southwest Railway Museum, Campo (San Diego County), CA.

The Smithsonian National Postal Museum recreated a railway mail train in its Atrium for the permanent exhibition Mail by Rail. Interior fixtures were taken from a decommissioned mail car. Smithsonian artisans created the exterior portion of Railway Post Office train.

The fifteen divisions of Postal Transportation Service were abolished on August 15, 1955. Mail routes were divided into the same Postal Regions where Post Offices were classified.

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