DDT: Dichloro Diphenyl Trichloroethane
The complete form ofDDTIs “Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane“. DDT is an organochlorine compound that is colorless, tasteless and crystallized. It is well-known for its insecticidal properties. It can also be poisonous for animals and humans. Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is an insecticide used in agriculture. DDT was also used to treat lice in the past. DDT is still being used in the United States to control mosquitoes that carry malaria. DDT and related chemicals can persist in the environment for many years and in animal tissues.
Othmar Zeidler, an Austrian chemist, synthesized DDT in 1874. Paul Hermann Muller, a Swiss chemist, discovered the insecticidal properties of DDT in 1939. DDT became available in the United States for sale in October 1945. In 1948, Muller was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine “for his discovery that DDT is a highly effective contact poison against many arthropods.” In 1972, the United States banned DDT from being sold. Most developed countries banned agricultural use in the 1970s and 1980s. India is the only country to still produce DDT, and it is also the largest consumer. DDT is ineffective in many parts of India. DDT was banned from agricultural uses in 1989. Their antimalarial effectiveness is decreasing. Urban use has been discontinued.
DDT’s molecular formula is C14H9Cl. DDT is made artificially from the reaction of chloral (CCl3CHO), with chlorobenzene (6H5Cl), in the presence the sulfuric acid catalyst H2SO4. It is extremely hydrophobic and is not soluble with water. However, it is soluble and soluble in organic solvents like oils and fats.
How People Are Exposed to DDT
People are most likely to be exposed to DDT from foods, including meat, fish, anddairy products. DDT canbe absorbed by eating, breathing,ortouching products contaminated with DDT. Inthe body, DDT is converted into several breakdown products called metabolites, including the metabolite dichlorodiphenyldichloroethene (DDE). DDT&DDE are stored in the body’’s fatty tissues. In pregnant women, DDT&DDE can be passed tothe fetus. Both chemicals are found in breast milk, resulting in exposure to nursing infants.
How DDT Affects People’s Health
Human health effects from DDT atlow environmental doses are unknown. Following exposure tohigh doses, human symptoms can include vomiting, tremorsorshakiness,&seizures. Laboratory animal studies showed effects on the liver and reproduction. DDT is considered a possible human carcinogen.
Other full forms of DDT
DDT: Dividend Distribution Tax
Dividend distribution tax (DDT), is a tax that the Indian government imposes on Indian companies based on the dividend paid to investors. A dividend is the return that a company gives to its shareholders from the company’s profits in a particular year. The DDT must be deposited by the company within 14 days of the distribution, declaration or payment of dividends. The company is responsible for paying interest at 1% on the DDT if the DDT is not paid within the given time.
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