DC (dc full form)
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Role of the Deputy Commissioner (dc full form)
The Deputy Commissioner is responsible for the General Administration of the District. The Executive Head is responsible for three roles.
- Deputy Commissioner
- District Collector
- District Magistrate.
The following officers assist him or her in carrying out daily work in different fields:
- Additional Deputy Commissioner
- Assistant Commissioner (General)
- Assistant Commissioner (Grievances)
- Executive Magistrate
- District Revenue Officer
- Panchayat and District Development Officer
- Sub-Divisional Magistrates
- Civil Defense Officer
- Urban Ceiling Officer
The District Collector
As District Collector, the Chief Revenue Officer is also known as the Deputy Commissioner and is responsible to collect Revenue and other Govt. Dues that are not paid in arrears to Land Revenue can be recovered. He is responsible for Natural Calamities such as draughts, unseasonal rains hailstorms, floods, fire, etc.
The Registration Act gives the power to the District Collector to exercise the powers of Registrar for the district. He also supervises and controls the registration of deeds. Under the 1954 Special Marriage Act, he also serves as Marriage Officer.
The Cinematograph Act also states that the District Magistrate acts as the Licencing Authority within his jurisdiction. The District Superintendent is responsible for the administration of the Police in each district. However, the District Magistrate has the general direction.
Rule 1.15 of 1934 Punjab Police Rules provides District Magistrate powers as follows:
he head of the Criminal Administration of a District (dc full form)
The head of the Criminal Administration of a District , the District Magistrate, is responsible for the operation of the Police force. Government provides the police force to him as an instrument to help him enforce his authority and carry out his responsibility for maintaining Law & Order.
According to Law, the police force of a District falls under the general control and direction the District Magistrate. He is responsible for ensuring that the public is protected and that there is no lawlessness or disorder.
The District Magistrate is responsible for maintaining Law & Order within his jurisdiction. The law grants him broad powers that if used wisely, can help to maintain peace and tranquility. The Law for the District Magistrates provides most of the powers that police officers have.
He has the power to restrict movement of illegal assembly under Section 144 Cr.P.C. He can also place curfew, keeping in mind the circumstances. He is authorized to inspect the offices/courts of Sub-Divisional Officers (Civil), Naib Tehsildars and Tehsildars as well as the Treasuries, Sub Treasuries and Jails. He has thus effective control of the Administration.
The Deputy Commissioner is responsible for hearing appeals from Sub Divisional Officer (Civil) orders against these Acts:-
- 1887 Punjab Tenancy Act
- Displaced Persons Act (Compensation & Rehabilitation) Act (1954).
- Punjab Package Deal Properties (Disposal) Act,1976
- Urban Land (Ceiling & Regulations), Act 1976
He or she also decides on the lambardari cases.
Role of Deputy Commissioners (dc full form)
As the head of the district administration the Deputy Commissioner Sangrur is an official functionary of State Government. He/She is under the administrative supervision of Divisional Commissioner Patiala. He/She is a powerful individual with many responsibilities.
He/She is the chief custodian and authority in many ways, and the central figure that runs the local administration.
The Deputy Commissioner’s main duties can be summarized as: coordination of development and public welfare activities, revenue officer/Court for the district, District Collector and law and order functions, District Magistrate.
She can also be a District Collector, Deputy Commissioner or District Magistrate at different times. The following describes his/her role in each of the capacities:
As Deputy Commissioner
The Deputy Commissioner is the chief executive of the district and has many responsibilities in the areas of civil administration, development panchayats, local body, and other areas. The Deputy Commissioner is a key figure in ensuring efficiency in administration due to the importance of his office.
To oversee the work of the clerical staff, the Office Superintendent is the Deputy Commissioner. She oversees the operation of various branches within her office. Each branch is headed up by an Assistant, and each one is functionally named after her. The Establishment Assistant (EA), for example, is the name of the EA Branch. The Miscellaneous Assistant branch is the name of the MA Branch.
An Assistant has to perform two types of functions-supervisory and dispositive i.e. He must supervise the work of his subordinates and dispose of cases at his level as well as by passing them on to his superior officers. One or more Assistants are responsible for the supervision of his work.
The number of branches within the office of the deputy commissioner varies from one district to the next depending on the needs of each case. However, the most important branches found in nearly all districts are: Establishment Branch. Nazarat Branch. Sadr Kanungo Branch. Development Branch. Miscellaneous Branch. Licensing Branch. Complaints and Enquiries Branch. Flood Relief Branch. Revenue Records Branch. Records and Issue Branch. Sadr Copying Agency. Registration Branch. Peshi Branch.
As District Collector (dc full form)
The highest officer in revenue administration for the district is the Deputy Commissioner. She is responsible for revenue matters and reports to the Government via the Divisional Commissioner or the Financial Commissioner, Revenue.
She is responsible to collect land revenue, all other types of taxes, fees, and any dues that are owed as arrears of the land revenue. She is responsible to ensure accurate and current records regarding land rights. She is also the appointing authority to Patwaris, Kanungos, and ministerial staff at the tahsil office offices. She is the highest revenue judicial authority of the district as the District Collector.
As District Magistrate
The maintenance of law order and security in the district is the responsibility of the Deputy Commissioner. She heads criminal administration, supervises all Executive Magistrates and directs police actions. She is responsible for the supervision of the administration of the jails and lockups in the area.
She is also the District Collector, Deputy Commissioner and District Magistrate. However, she also plays an important role in displacees (Compensation and Rehabilitation) Act 1954 as Deputy Custodian. His duties include: revision against Tahsildars’ and the Officer-in-Charge Rural’s orders regarding allotment land and houses in rural areas; revision towards the District Rent Officer’s orders regarding allotment houses and shops in urban areas; and disposal of cases received by the Assistant Custodian(Judicial), regarding evacuee properties.
As the head of the district administration, the position of Deputy Commissioner has expanded in scope. She is the executive head for the civil administration. All departments in the district, who otherwise have their own officers look up to her for direction and coordination. She is responsible for the administration of panchayats and panchayats samitis, community developments blocks, and zila parishad. These were created with decentralization of authority and expansion by the Panchayati Raj.
As District Election Officer (dc full form)
She also oversees the implementation of rural development plans. As District Election Officer, she is responsible for the peaceful conduct of any elections in her district. For elections to Lok Sabha constituency/constituencies of her district, she functions as Returning Officer. She assists in the decennial census. She oversees and controls the distribution of scarce, essential commodities. She maintains liaison with military authorities within her jurisdiction and serves as the Competent Authority for the requisitioning of land for military purposes.
As a general administrator, she is responsible for taking cognizance of all matters of public importance that do not fall within the purview of any particular government department, State, or Central. There is no important event that takes place in a district with which he does not have direct or indirect connections.
Additional Deputy Commissioner
To assist the Deputy commissioner in his day to day work, the post of Additional Deputy Commissar was created. The rules grant the Additional Deputy Commission the same powers as the Deputy Commissioner.
Additional Deputy Commissioner Functions
In 1979, an additional Deputy commissioner was created to help reduce the immense workload of the Deputy Commission. The following powers have been conferred on him by the Acts within the boundaries of the district
As Collector, the following Acts are applicable:
- 1887, The Punjab Land Revenue Act.
- The Punjab Occupancy of Tenants (Vesting Of Proprietary Right) Act,1952.
- 1887, The Punjab Tenancy Act.
- The Land Acquisition Act,1894.
- The Punjab Restitution of Mortgage Land Act (1938).
- The Punjab Village Common Land (Regulation) Act,1961.
- Indian Stamp Act,1899.
As the Registrar under Section 1908 of the Registration Act.
As Deputy Commissioner under the Punjab Aided Schools (Security of Services) Act (1969).
As Executive Magistrate, Addl. Deputy Commissioner, D.M. under the Criminal Procedure Code,1973.
As an Additional District Magistrate in accordance with the Petroleum Act of India and Arms Act of India,1934, he has been elected Chairman of District Consultative Committee pursuant to Personal Accident Social Security Scheme via Punjab Government Notification No 13/434/88 SW /9794 dated 27.9.1988
Sub-divisional Officers (Civil).
A miniature Deputy commissioner in his subdivision is the Sub Divisional Officer (Civil). He is actually vested under numerous revenue legislations with the power of Collector. This power can be used within his jurisdiction. As Collector of the subdivision, he also hears appeals against orders of Assistant Collectors Grade II (Tahsildars & Naib-Tahsildars), and Assistant Collectors Grade I (Tahsildars involved in partition cases). He can be either a junior or senior member of Indian Administrative Service. He has extensive experience in subordinate roles. He has direct control of the Tahsildars in his subdivision and his staff. He acts as the main channel for correspondence between the Tahsildar and the Deputy Commissioner in his subdivision.
The Sub Divisional Officer’s powers and responsibilities in relation to revenue, magisterial and executive development matters are similar to those of Deputy Commissioner. His duties in revenue include the supervision and inspection of all matters, from assessment to collection, and coordination of the work of all officials within the subdivision, especially in the departments Revenue, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, and Public Health.
His magisterial duties include liaison and coordination with the police. (dc full form)
His magisterial duties include liaison and coordination with the police in the subdivision, watch over relations between different classes and communities, special precautions and emergency actions, particularly in connection with festivals, and recommendations to the District Magistrates for the grant of arms licenses. To effectively supervise the law and order situation within his jurisdiction, he has many powers under the Criminal Procedure Code and Punjab Police Rules.
He can request any records or registers relating to crime from a Police Station. If he is not available, he can also call the Station House Officer at Police Station to have the matter explained to him. He can for a time bind down the anti-social elements and allow peaceful conduct. He has a closer relationship with the public, and a more intimate association with local bodies and market committees.
He is also a key player in rural development programs. For smooth administration and the successful implementation of development programs, he needs the support of other government officials. He must, however, route important policy issues through the Deputy Commission.
He is usually appointed as the Returning Officer of the constituency/s in his jurisdiction for elections to the Vidhan Saha. He is usually appointed as an Assistant Returning Officer for elections to Lok Sabha constituencies.
Tehsildars & Naib-Tehsildars
Tehsildar is the name given to the officer responsible for a tehsil. There is no significant difference between a Tehsildar or a Naib–Tehsildar in revenue and magisterial duties. In revenue matters, both are Assistant Collectors, Grade II in their circles as Circle Income Officers. Ex officio Executive Magistrates are Tahsildars or Naib-Tahsildars who have passed both the lower standard and language papers of the respective Departmental Examinations. A Tehsildar has the power to be an Assistant Collector, Grade 1 in respect of partition cases.
This power is not available to Naib-Tehsildars. A Tehsildar is also the senior Revenue Officer of the Tehsil, and the overall in charge thereof. He has the power to coordinate and distribute work among the Circle Revenue Officers, Naib-Tahsildars, and himself. A Tehsildar, a Class II gazetted state officer, is his status. A Tehsildar can issue and make certificates as a gazetted official in this respect. All lambardari recommendations, even those in revenue circles of Naib Tahsildars are sent through him to the Sub Divisional Officer (Civil), and the Deputy Commissioner.
For elections to the Vidhan Sabha, a Tehsildar is, invariably be appointed as Assistant Returning Officer for the constituency/constituencies falling in his tehsil.
The Government’s land revenue collection
The Government’s land revenue collection and other dues is handled by the Tehsildars or Naib-Tehsildars. The Tahsildars and Naib–Tahsildars frequently tour the area under their control in order to keep in touch with subordinate revenue staff, observe seasonal conditions, condition of crops, listen to cultivators’ difficulties, and distribute taccavi loans. They make quick decisions on the spot.
This includes corrections to account books or providing relief for people affected by natural calamities. After returning from their tour, they prepare reports that recommend to the Government suspension or remission of land revenue. They also bring up the records. They are also available to assist in the settlement of disputes regarding tenancy, arrears for rent ejectment, and entries in accounts books. They also do other types of work.
The Tahsildars of Sangrur District and the Naib-Tahsildars of Sangrur District have a Sadar Kanungo to assist them in their duties. He also has 4 Office Kanungos (one at each district headquarters), 4 Assistant Off Ice Kanungos, 4 Field Kanungos (one at every tahsil headquarter), 4 Kanungos at each tahsil headquarter), 4 Kanungos at each a, 6 in Malerkotla and 5 in Barnala, 5 in Sunam, and Sunam), 3 Peshi Kanungos for the 316 Patwaris and 3 Peshi Kanungos
A Kanungo’s duties are to supervise the work of the Patwaris. He is an important link between the Tahsildar/Naib-Tahsildar and the Patwari. An Office Kanungo is assigned to each Tahsildar, along with a few Field Kanungos. An Assistant Office Kanungo, located in Sangrur District is attached to each Tahsildar. An Office Kanungo’s main task is to consolidate information about different aspects of revenue administration. Similar to the Deputy Commissioner’s Office, a Sadr Kanungo is responsible for inspecting Kanungos Circles and Patwar Circles, and is also in charge of establishments of Kanungos and Patwaris.
Patwari Moharrir or Special Kanungo makes information in revenue records accessible to the courts and the litigating public by extracting from them. Special Kanungo aids the courts of law with the examination of revenue records. He or she gives evidence, puts the records in front of the court, and draws attention to the parts that the court should examine.
While the Deputy Commissioner is considered the center of the district administration, Patwari represents Government at the village level. Up to 1906, he was paid directly by the village, but he is now a salaried Government employee.
He usually has one or two villages under his care. He is so well-versed in local information that he knows almost everything about the village and its inhabitants. He is the eyes and ears for the Collector.
The Patwari’s duties include field inspections, surveys, recording crops, revising maps and reports related to mutations, rents, revenue, rents, or other issues. He prepares the rights records in accordance with the instructions of the Collector.
He must also assist with the relief of agriculturists who are in distress and in conducting census operations. He reports on the crime and creates maps to support police inquiries. His main duty is to prepare dhalbachh (papers relating to the distribution of revenue over holdings).
Lambardar is the village’s most important functionary. His primary function is to monitor the law and order situation within his immediate area and to report any violations to the nearest police station. He is responsible for collecting the Government revenue dues from different sources and remitting these to the Treasury.
He receives 5 percent of the land revenue, which is called pachotra. He is also the custodian for all village government property. He reports to the Tahsildar on the deaths of pensioners and assignees, as well as their absence for more than a year. He is also the representative of the Government in the village. A village Chowkidar assists him.
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