Conjunction | Types, Examples and List

Definition

A conjunction is a word that joins two equal things together. It can join two nouns or two verbs, but it cannot join a noun to a verb.

Conjunction Examples

  • He bought a book and a pen.
  • Would you like to take tea or cold coffee.
  • I always worked hard so I could easily achieve my targets. 
  • I invited him for a lunch but he did not respond. 
  • I went to grocery shop where I bought house-hold articles.
  • She as well as I went to a park.
  • She saw me while she was driving.

Types of Conjunction

Conjunctions are divided into three types, which are briefly discussed here with the help of examples.

Coordinating Conjunctions

The conjunctions joining together two statements or clauses of equal rank or importance is called coordinating conjunctions.

Coordinating Conjunction Examples

 1. Neither a borrower nor a lender be.
2. Two and two make four.

The main coordinating conjunctions are: and, nor, but, for, or, also. 

Subordinating Conjunctions

The conjunctions joining a subordinate or dependent sentence to an independent or principal sentence is called a subordinating conjunction.

Subordinating Conjunction Examples

 1. They came back because they were afraid.
 2. Since my wife says so, I must believe it.

The main subordinating conjunctions are: after, because, if, that, though, although, till, before, unless, as, when etc.

Correlative Conjunction

Correlative conjunctions are similar to coordinating conjunctions. They join the statements or clauses of equal importance but these are always used in pairs. 

See also  difference between our's and ours'

Correlative Conjunction Examples

  1. Both Julia and John plays the chess.
  2. Neither Julia nor John played the game.
  3. Julia not only plays the chess, but also a strongest player.

The main coordinating conjunctions are: both–and, either–or, neither—nor, not only—but also

Read also: Conjunction Exercises with Answers

Conjunction List

These conjunction words are used to link or connect the phrases or sentences.

And After
Although As for as
As long as As soon as
But Because
Both Before
Either For
How However
If In case
Neither Nor
Now Only
Or Since
So that Than
That Though
Unless Until
When Whereas
Whether While
Whenever Yet

Common Errors

INCORRECT CORRECT
Either John I are going to Park. Either John or I am going to Park.
John as well as I am going to Park. John as well as I is going to Park.
Not only is he foolish, but obstinate. Not only is he foolish, but also obstinate.
Hardly had he slept, than the bell rang. Hardly had he slept, when the bell rang.
No sooner did he sleep, when the bell rang. No sooner did he sleep, than the bell rang.
You cannot be happy unless you do no marry her. You cannot be happy unless you marry her.
Neither a borrower, or a lender be. Neither a borrower, nor a lender be.
Although he is weak, but he is hard working. Although he is weak, he is hard working.
Three or three make six. Three and three make six.
  1. My brother loves animals. He just brought a puppy __________ a kitten home with him.
    1. But
    2. Or
    3. Yet
    4. And
See also  Past Progressive Tense Exercises - ExamPlanning %

Answer: 1. My brother loves animals. He just brought a puppy and a kitten home with him

2. I’d like to thank you ______ the lovely gift.

Or

For

And

Yet

Answer: 2. I’d like to thank you for the lovely gift

3. I want to go for a hike _____ I have to go to work today.

But

Yet

Or

For

Answer: 3. I want to go for a hike but I have to go to work today

4.They do not smoke, _____ do they play cards.

And

Or

Nor

Yet

Answer: 4. They do not smoke, nor do they play cards.

5. I’m getting good grades _________ I study every day.

Or

Yet

But

Because

Answer: 5. I’m getting good grades because I study every day.

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