CBCID Full Form:
|Crime Branch Criminal Investigation Department||Tamil Nadu Government||CBCID|
CID vs CBI: Difference
CIDStands forCrime Investigation DepartmentThe, which is under the state police and has limited power. However,CBIi.e.Central Bureau of InvestigationThis is a centrally-located specialized investigation agency that was established for the purpose of detecting and examining all forms of criminal activity in the country.
Every corner of the country hears crime news about murders, sexual assaults, robbery and corruption. To control these crimes and to identify the true perpetrator, the government established various agencies at the state and central levels to investigate and solve the case.
This written material will help you understand the differences between CID (CBI) and CID.
CID Vs CBI Content
|BASIS FOR COMPARISON||CRIME INNVESTIGATION DEPARTMENT||CENTRAL BUREAU INVESTIGATING (CBI).|
|Significance||CID is an Indian state police department that investigates crimes committed within the country.||CBI is the Central Government’s investigating agency. It investigates offences that may be of national or international concern.|
|Inaugurated in||1902 was adopted by the British Government upon the recommendation of the Police Commission.||1941 as a Special Police Establishment (SPE)|
|Zone of operation||Concerned Jurisdiction (i.e. Only.||All across the country and abroad|
|Cases||Transferred to the State government and the High Court.||Transferred by the Central Government, Supreme Court, and High Court.|
|How do I join the agency?||There are two options for joining CID: the candidate can join the state police force and, depending on his/her service record, be promoted to the relevant department. Or they can pass the Civil Services exam conducted by UPSC.||To become a CBI group A officer, the candidate must pass the Civil Services Examination after graduation. To become a Sub Inspector in CBI, you must also pass the SSC CGL exam.|
|Get Deals With||Complex cases and sensitive cases||Corruption cases, Economic cases and special cases.|
Definition of Crime Investigation Department (CID).
The Crime Investigation Department (CID), the state’s supreme investigative agency, is responsible for the oversight and control of criminal offenses that occur within each state. It is headed by an officer usually not lower than the rankDeputy Inspector General (DIG).Police.
CID is responsible for investigating heinous and complex cases.
There are many branches of CID in India. These are the most popular:
- Finger Print Bureau
- Anti-Narcotics Cell
- Anti-Human Trafficking and Missing Persons Cell
- Anti-Terrorism Squad
- Handwriting and Photographic Bureau
- Dog Squad
CID is established
The Indian Police Commission recommended that the Crime Investigation Department (CID), be established in each state. In the year 1902-03, the Government of India set up the department in each state.
Definition of Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).
The Central Bureau of Investigation (also known as CBI) is an Indian apex investigation body.
CBI’s roots are located inSpecial Police Establishment (SPE)It was established under the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act of 1946. It has evolved over time to become a modern organization with expanded responsibilities and roles.
- The 1946 Delhi Special Police Establishment Act (DSPE) gives you the power to investigate.
- This agency was founded in 1941. It was renamed the Central Bureau of Investigation (April 1963).
- Its headquarters are located in New Delhi and is managed by the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grieces and Pensions, Government of India.
With the consent of the state governments, the central government can authorize the investigation of cases in the state. The Supreme Court or the High Court can, however, order the CBI to investigate any criminal case in any country without consenting to the state government.
This article discusses the evolution of CBI through the years.
|1953||SPE to include an Enforcement Wing|
|1963||Authorization to investigate offences under different sections of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), 16 other acts and offences under Prevention of Corruption Act (1947).|
|April 1963||CBI was established by the Government of India through a resolution.|
|It was initially established with the following divisions: Investigation & Anti Corruption Division (Delhi Special Police Establishment), Technical Division Crime Records and Statistics Division and Research Division.|
|April 1964||Government of India passes a resolution adding Economic Offences Wing|
|September 1964||Formation of Food Offences Wing|
|1987||Two separate divisions created – Anti Corruption Division, and Special Crimes Division|
|1991||Special Investigation Team (SIT), was created|
|1992||Special Investigation Cell IV was created|
|1993||A Special Task Force was created|
|1994||Separate Economic Offences Wing was established|
The following are the main divisions of CBI at the moment:
- Anti Corruption Division
- Division of Economic Offences
- Special Crimes Division
- Directorate of Prosecution
- Administration Division
- Division of Policy and Coordination
- Central Forensic and Science Laboratory
CID and CBI: Key differences
After we’ve covered the basics of India’s intelligence and investigation agencies, let us now look at the differences between CID & CBI.
- CID now includes Crime Investigation Department. It is the state police department that investigates criminal offenses committed in the state. CBI, on the other hand, is a central-level investigation department that detects offences across the country.
- CID was established by the British Government in 1902, following recommendations by the Police Commission. CBI was established as a Special Police Establishment under the DSPE Act in 1941.
- CID is limited to state-level operations in terms of the scope of its operation. CBI, on the other hand, can investigate and solve national and international cases.
- CID handles cases that are directed by the State government or High court. CBI, on the other hand, takes care of cases that are directed by the Central Government and Supreme Court.
- There are two options for joining CID. The candidate can join the state police force. On the basis of their service record the candidate can be promoted to or transferred to the relevant department. The second requirement is that the candidate passes the Civil Services Examination, which is conducted annually by UPSC. Previously, this exam was conducted by SSC. To join CBI as a group-A officer, the candidate must pass Civil Services Examination after graduation. To become a CBI Sub-Inspector, you must also pass the SSC CGL Tier 1 and Tier 2 exams.
- CID deals with sensitive and complex cases such as murders, riots, counterfeiting, forgery or smuggling kidnappings, thefts, etc. CBI, on the other hand, deals with corruption cases, economic cases, and special cases.
CID and CBI both are intelligence and investigative agencies whose job it is to investigate and detect criminal offenses. The Government or the Hon. High Court will hand over the cases. Both are part of the Police. Special training is also provided to officers.
Below are the functions of Crime Investigation Department.
- Information gathering and dissemination related to professional cases.
- Assisting and controlling the investigation or investigation of offences.
- Investigating forgeries of railway or telegraphic receipts, frauds relating postal departments, and movements of foreign criminals requires support from the investigation department.
- The establishment of a specialized squad to investigate the cases.
The following are the main functions of the Central Bureau of Investigation:
- Investigations into cases relating to misconduct, corruption, and fraud by employees of Central Government Departments.
- Investigations into cases involving violations of fiscal and economic laws in the country, such as income tax laws, foreign currency laws, customs and central exise laws, etc.
- Investigation of special crimes such as terrorism, bomb explosions, sensational killings, underworld crime, kidnapping, abduction, and others.
- A group of professional criminals investigates heinous offenses that have national or international consequences.
- Facilitating coordination between anti-corruption agencies and the state police force
- Assume any criminal case of public pressure for the purposes of investigation, as required by the state government.
- Maintaining a criminal record and sharing criminal information.
CID and CBI both operate at the state and central levels, respectively. CBI, however, has an advantage over CID for investigating complex cases, particularly those involving politicians, celebrities, cricketers, and other high-profile figures.