Download PDF of Bhagavad Gita Book Marathi from pdf-archive.com
|PDF Name||Bhagavad Gita Book|
|No. of Pages||221|
|PDF Size||1.75 MB|
|Tags||Bhagavad Gita (श्रीमद्भगवद्गीता), Ved Puran Upanishad|
|PDF Category||Religion & Spirituality|
|Published/Updated||August 12, 2020|
|Source / Credits||pdf-archive.com|
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The Bhagavad Gita, an ancient Indian text, is a significant work of Hindu tradition. It contains both philosophy and literature. Between 400 BCE and 200CE, the Bhagavad Gita was composed. The authorship of the Bhagavadgita is not clear, just like the Upanishads and the Vedas.
The Bhagavadgita is an eternal message of spiritual wisdom that originated in ancient India. Gita is both song and word. Bhagavad is a Hebrew word that means God. The Bhagavad Gita is often called the Song of God. The Bhagavad Gita is a synthesis between Hindu ideas about dharma and theistic bhakti. It also focuses on the yogic ideals moksha. The text includes jnana and bhakti as well as karma and Raja Yoga, which are mentioned in the sixth chapter. It also incorporates ideas from Samkhya Yoga philosophy.
The Gita is told through the dialogue between Pandava prince Arjuna, his guide and charioteer Krishna. Arjuna, who is amidst moral dilemmas and despair over the death and violence that the war against his own family will bring about at the Dharma Yudhha (righteous conflict) between Pandavas & Kauravas, is overcome by the Dharma Yudhha. The Krishna-Arjuna dialogs touch on a wide range of spiritual topics and discuss philosophical issues as well as ethical dilemmas.
The Bhagavad Gita is a synthesis between Hindu ideas about dharma and theistic bhakti. It also reflects the yogic ideals moksha. The text includes jnana and bhakti as well as karma and Raja Yoga, which are mentioned in the sixth chapter. It also incorporates ideas from Samkhya Yoga philosophy. The Bhagavad Gita, the most well-known and famous Hindu text, has a unique pan-Hindu influence.
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Two people were sitting in a chariot at the center of a great battleground in north-central India a few thousand years ago. The yogi Arjuna was one of the two who knew it wouldn’t be long before conflict broke out. He asked Krishna (Master of Yoga) what he should think and how he should view the moment. He also asked Krishna, the Master of Yoga (Yogeshwara), what he should do.
It was impossible to find empty words. Krishna explained to Arjuna how to live a full life that is self-knowledgeful and self-mastery in a short discourse.
It was a fierce battle and everyone lost. Vyasa’s epic poem, The Mahabharata (The Great Indian War), was written by Vyasa. He made Krishna’s inspiring teachings a precious jewel. They were immediately extracted and named Bhagavad Gita (“The Song of God”), which circulated throughout the subcontinent.
This was many thousand years ago. Today, the Gita can be found in almost every Indian household and has been translated into all major languages of the world. Literally billions upon billions of copies were printed and handwritten. A few years back, a South African spiritual organization printed one million copies to distribute free. Rudyard Kipling was made a Freemason of Lahore when four scriptures were placed on the altar.
Why is the Gita so appealing? It is practical and free from any abstract or vague philosophy. My first trip to India was over 40 years ago. I learned about a yogi living in a small houseboat along the Ganges River in Benares (Varanasi). He didn’t speak or write, but people would come to him for help for years. How did he do it? He was armed with a copy the Bhagavad Gita and, after being asked the question or problem, he would open it and point to a section, giving the inquirer a complete and perfect solution.
My spiritual awakening started by getting me out of my comfortable religion and into a new world full of realities that I didn’t know how to deal with. I floundered in the new world until I finally bought a paperback copy of the Bhagavadgita. I didn’t read it. I inhaled it. I wasn’t reading words from a long-dead teacher; my Self was speaking to me through the pages of this little book. I also did not learn anything from Gita-I other than what I knew. Eternal Self spoke Eternal Truth. My life was transformed by the Bhagavad Gita, which gave me Life that never ends.
There has never been an issue in my life that the Gita didn’t make clear or enabled me to address or understand. It is not dogmatic. Krishna said to Arjuna at the end: “Now, I have taught you the wisdom which is secret of secrets.” It is worth taking the time to think about it. “Then, act as you think is best.” There are no threats, promises, or coercion. The reader is in control of the outcome.
Even better, the Bhagavad Gita teaches us that we can achieve a knowing beyond what it tells. It shows us the way. It is wise to resolve to read the Gita every single day for the rest of your life.
This commentary uses my translation. However, I suggest that you get other translations of Gita. It is difficult to translate a text written using complex Sanskrit language. When I am trying to determine the meaning of a verse, I always consult at least four translations: that of Swamis Prabhavananda and Swarupananda and Sivananda. Then, I also check that of Winthrop Sargeant. Sometimes I also consult the translations of Gandhi, Sri Aurobindo and William Judge.
It is worth noting that any English-only translations of the Gita will only skim the surface. This is due to the many meanings of Sanskrit terms-meanings that Vyasa had in mind and that were used for this purpose. We tend to believe that spiritual texts only have one meaning. This may not be true for Sanskrit texts, which are meant to contain multiple levels of messages and subtle nuances. For the Gita and Upanishads’ profound wisdom, words that carry multiple relevant ideas are ideal.
Words in parentheses in the Gita translation indicate alternative readings of the Sanskrit word that precedes them. These alternate readings are just as valid as the English term I used. Brackets signify words that are not found in the Sanskrit text, but which I have inserted to clarify their meaning.
It is my recommendation that you get translations of the Gita with the Sanskrit text in word-by-word translations, as well as the standard verse form. Sargeant’s translation of the Gita is undoubtedly the best, but you might want to have a few more. In addition you need some Sanskrit dictionaries. A Concise Dictionary of Indian Philosophy, Swami Sivananda’s Yoga-Vedanta Dictionary, Sanskrit Glossary of Yogic Terms, Swami Yogakanti’s Sanskrit Dictionary, and A Sanskrit Dictionary, both by John Grimes. My own effort, A Short Sanskrit Glossary, is definitely helpful and complements them.