6 Common Skin Rashes and What They Look Like

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A rash refers to a visible change in your skin’s texture or color. Itchy skin can cause itching, scaly, bumpy, itchy or other symptoms.

Common Skin Conditions and How They Look

Photos of various rashes

Rashes can be caused by many things. Here are 21 causes of rashes with photos.


Flea bites

  • Usually located in groups on the feet and lower legs
  • Itchy, red bump with a red halo
  • The symptoms appear immediately after you have been bitten.

Read full article on flea bites.

Fifth disease

  • Headache, fatigue, low fever and sore throat.
  • Children are more likely to get rash than adults.
  • Bright red, round rash on the cheeks
  • Lacy-patterned rash that can be visible on the upper body, legs and arms after a hot bath or shower.

Read full article on fifth disease.


  • Chronic skin disease, which can lead to relapse and fading.
  • Relapses can be caused by spicy foods, alcohol, sun, stress, or the intestinal bacteria Helicobacter Pylori
  • The four types of rosacea cover a wide range of symptoms
  • Common symptoms include skin reddening, facial flushing, red bumps on the face, skin dryness and skin sensitivity.

Read full article on rosacea.


  • Common in infants and children
  • It is often found in the vicinity of the nose, mouth, and chin.
  • irritating rash, fluid-filled blisters popping easily that form a honey-colored crust
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Read full article on impetigo.


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  • Circular-shaped scaly rashes, with raised border
  • The skin around the ring’s middle appears healthy and clear. However, the edges may appear to spread outward.
  • Itchy

Read full article on ringworm.

Contact dermatitis

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  • It can appear hours or days after contact with allergens
  • It has visible borders and is evident where your skin touches the irritating substance
  • Itchy, red, scaly or raw skin
  • Blisters that ooze, weep or become crusty

Read full article on contact dermatitis.

Allergy eczema

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  • It may look like a burn.
  • Often found on the hands and forearms
  • Itchy, red, scaly or raw skin
  • Blisters that ooze, weep or become crusty

Read full article on allergic eczema.

Hand, foot and mouth diseases

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  • Children under 5 years old are most commonly affected
  • Painful, red blisters on the gums and tongue can occur.
  • Flat or raised red spots on the palms and soles the feet.
  • Spots may also be found in the genital or buttocks area

Read full article on hand, foot, and mouth disease.

Diaper rash

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  • These are areas where diapers can be used.
  • Skin appears reddish, wet and irritated
  • Warm to the touch

Read full article on diaper rash.


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  • Flake off yellow or white scaly spots
  • Itchy, reddened, or oily areas can occur.
  • Hair loss could occur in the same area as the rash.
See also  Early Pregnancy Symptoms

Read full article on eczema.


  • Skin patches with a sharp, defined, and silvery appearance
  • Usually located on the scalp and elbows, knees and lower back
  • Itchy skin or other symptoms

Read full article on psoriasis.


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  • Clusters of fluid-filled, itchy blisters all over the body in different stages of healing.
  • A rash can be accompanied by body aches, fever, loss of appetite, and sore throat.
  • It remains infectious until all blisters are crusted over

Read full article on chickenpox.

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)

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  • An autoimmune disease that manifests a variety of symptoms and can affect many body systems and organs.
  • There are many skin and mucous membrane symptoms, ranging from rashes to severe ulcers.
  • Classic butterfly-shaped face rash, which crosses from cheek to nose over the cheeks
  • Sun exposure can cause rashes that may become more severe or worsen.

Read full article on systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).


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  • Very painful rash, which may tingle, itch or burn even if no blisters are present
  • Clusters of fluid-filled blisters which break easily and leak fluid.
  • The most common form of rash is a linear pattern with a striation pattern. It appears on the torso but can also occur on other parts, such as the face.
  • Low fever, chills or headaches may accompany low fever.

Read full article on shingles.


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This is a medical emergency. You may need urgent care.

  • Caused by bacteria or fungal infections through a cut or crack in the skin
  • Red, tender, and painful skin that spreads quickly with or without oozing
  • Hot and tender to touch
  • A sign that you have a serious infection is fever, chills and red streaking on the skin could be signs of fever.
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Read full article on cellulitis.

Drug allergy

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This is a medical emergency. You may need urgent care.

  • Mild, red, itchy rash can occur after taking a medication for days or weeks.
  • Life-threatening drug allergies can result in severe reactions, including hives, racing hearts, swelling, itching, difficulty breathing, and even death.
  • Other symptoms include fever, stomach upset and small purple or red spots on the skin.

Read full article on drug allergies.


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  • It may take up to six weeks for symptoms to manifest.
  • Extremely itchy rash could be caused by tiny blisters or scaly.
  • Lines that are raised, white or flesh-toned

Read full article on scabies.


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  • Symptoms include fever, runny nose, red eyes, swelling, headache, nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite.
  • Three to five days after the first signs appear, the red rash spreads throughout the body.
  • Inside the mouth, tiny red spots with blue-white center appear.

Read full article on measles.


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  • Pain or swelling in the bite area
  • Burning sensation, rash, blisters or difficulty breathing
  • The tick can often remain attached to the skin for a very long time.
  • Rarely do bites appear in groups

Read full article on tick bites.

Seborrheic eczema

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  • Flake off yellow or white scaly spots
  • Itchy, reddened, or oily areas can occur.
  • Hair loss can occur around the rash.

See the full article about seborrheic acne.

Scarlet fever

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  • It can occur right after or at the same moment as a strep infection
  • Red skin rash on the entire body (but not on the hands or feet).
  • It is composed of small bumps that feel like “sandpaper”.
  • Bright red tongue

Read full article on scarlet fever.

Kawasaki disease

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This is a medical emergency. You may need urgent care.

  • Children under 5 years old are most commonly affected
  • Red, swollen tongue (strawberry tongue), high fever, swelling palms and soles, swelling lymph nodes, bloodshot vision
  • This could cause serious heart problems, so make sure to consult your doctor.
  • However, it is often better all by itself.

Read full article on Kawasaki disease.

https://pkdeveloper.in/6-common-skin-rashes-and-what-they-look-like/What causes rashes in the skin?

Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is one of the most common causes of rashes. This is a type of rash that occurs when the skin comes in direct contact with a foreign substance. Itchy, red or inflamed skin may result. Contact dermatitis can be caused by:

  • Beauty products, soaps and laundry detergent
  • Clothing dyes
  • coming into contact with chemicals in rubber, elastic, or latex
  • Poisonous plants such as poison sumac, poison oak or poison ivy should not be touched.


Rashes can also be caused by taking medications. They may develop from:

Other causes

The following are possible causes for rashes:

  • Sometimes, a bug bite can cause a rash. Tick bites are of particular concern because they can transmit disease.
  • Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is a rash that primarily occurs in people with asthma or allergies. Itchy, reddish rash with a rough texture is common.
  • Psoriasis is a common skin condition that can cause a scaly, itchy, red rash to form along the scalp, elbows, and joints.
  • Seborrheic eczema is a type of eczema that most often affects the scalp and causes redness, scaly patches, and dandruff. It can also affect the ears, nose, mouth, and throat. It’s also known as cribcap.
  • Lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease that triggers a rash on the cheeks and nose. This rash is known as a “butterfly,” or malar, rash.
  • Rosacea is a skin condition that can last for years. Rosacea can be of many types, but they all have the same symptoms: redness on the skin and rash.
  • Ringworm is a fungal infection that causes a distinctive ring-shaped rash. Jok itch, athlete’s foot and scalp ringworm are also caused by the same fungus.
  • Diaper rash is a common skin irritation in infants and toddlers. This is usually caused by too much time in a dirty diaper.
  • Scabies is an infestation by tiny mites that live on and burrow into your skin. It can cause a bumpy, itchy rash.
  • Cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the skin. Cellulitis is characterized by a reddened, swollen area that feels tender and painful to the touch. Cellulitis can become serious if it is not treated.

Rashes in children: Causes

Children are more susceptible to skin rashes caused by illnesses such as:

  • Chickenpox is a virus characterized by red, itchy blisters that form all over the body.
  • Measles is a viral respiratory infection that causes a widespread rash consisting of itchy, red bumps.
  • Scarlet fever is an infection due to group A Streptococcus bacteria that produces a toxin causing a bright red sandpaper-like rash.
  • Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a viral infection that can cause red lesions on the mouth and a rash on the hands and feet.
  • Fifth disease is a viral infection that causes a red, flat rash on the cheeks, upper arms, and legs.
  • Kawasaki disease is a rare but serious illness that triggers a rash and fever in the early stages and can lead to an aneurysm of the coronary artery as a complication.
  • Impetigo is a contagious bacterial infection that causes an itchy, crusty rash, and yellow, fluid-filled sores on the face, neck, and hands.

Most contact rashes can be treated, but this depends on the cause. These guidelines will help you ease the discomfort and accelerate the healing process.

  • Instead of using scented soaps, use mild and gentle cleansers.
  • Warm water is better than hot water when washing your hair and skin.
  • Instead of rubbing the rash, let it dry.
  • Allow the rash to breathe. Avoid covering the rash with clothing if possible.
  • Stop using any new lotions or cosmetics that could have caused the rash.
  • Apply unscented moisturizing lotion to areas affected by eczema.
  • Avoid scratching the rash as it can worsen and lead to infection.
  • Apply an over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream to the affected area if the rash is very itchy and causing discomfort. Calamine lotion can also help relieve rashes from chickenpox, poison ivy, or poison oak.
  • Take an oatmeal bath. This can help with itching from eczema and psoriasis. Here’s how to make an oatmeal bath.
  • Wash your hair and scalp regularly with dandruff shampoo if you have dandruff along with a rash. You can buy medicated dandruff shampoo at most drugstores. However, your doctor may prescribe stronger products if you have more severe symptoms.

OTC medications

For mild rash pain, you can take Tylenol (acetaminophen) or ibuprofen(Advil) in moderation. These drugs can cause side effects so talk to your doctor before you begin taking them. Ask your healthcare provider how long you can take them. If you have a history of stomach or liver disease, or if you are pregnant, they may not be safe for your to take.

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